Books
in black and white
Main menu
Home About us Share a book
Books
Biology Business Chemistry Computers Culture Economics Fiction Games Guide History Management Mathematical Medicine Mental Fitnes Physics Psychology Scince Sport Technics
Ads

Introduction to environmental analysis - Reeve R.

Introduction to environmental analysis - Reeve R.

Introduction to environmental analysis

Author: Reeve R.
Publishers: Wiley publishing
Year of publication: 2002
Number of pages: 312
ISBN 0-471-49295-7
Read: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111
Download: introductiontoenvironmental2002.pdf

Analytical Techniques in the Sciences
Introduction to Environmental Analysis Roger Reeve
Copyright 2002 John Wiley & Sons Ltd ISBNs: 0-471-49294-9 (Hardback); 0-470-84578-3 (Electronic)
INTRODUCTION TO
ENVIRONMENTAL
ANALYSIS
Analytical Techniques in the Sciences (AnTS)
Series Editor : David J. Ando, Consultant, Dartford, Kent, UK
A series of open learning/distance learning books which covers all of the major analytical techniques and their application in the most important areas of physical, life and materials sciences.
Titles Available in the Series
Analytical Instrumentation: Performance Characteristics and Quality
Graham Currell, University of the West of England, Bristol, UK
Fundamentals of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Paul M. S. Monk, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK
Introduction to Environmental Analysis
Roger N. Reeve, University of Sunderland, UK
Forthcoming Titles Polymer Analysis
Barbara H. Stuart, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia
Chemical Sensors and Biosensors
Brain R. Eggins, University of Ulster at Jordanstown, Northern Ireland, UK
Analysis of Controlled Substances
Michael D. Cole, Anglia Polytechnic University, Cambridge, UK
INTRODUCTION TO
ENVIRONMENTAL
ANALYSIS
Roger N. Reeve
University of Sunderland, UK
JOHN WILEY & SONS, LTD
Copyright 2002 University of Sunderland
Published in 2002 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd Baffins Lane, Chichester,
West Sussex, PO19 1UD, England
National 01243 779777 International (+44) 1243 779777 e-mail (for orders and customer service enquiries): cs-books@wiley.co.uk Visit our Home Page on http://www.wiley.co.uk or http://www.wiley.com
All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, except under the terms of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 or under the terms of a licence issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency Ltd, 90 Tottenham Court Road, London, W1P 0LP, UK without the permission in writing of the Publisher and the copyright owner, with the exception of any material supplied specifically for the purpose of being entered and executed on a computer system, for the exclusive use by the purchaser of the publication.
Other Wiley Editorial Offices
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 605 Third Avenue,
New York, NY 10158-0012, USA
Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH,
Pappelallee 3, D-69469 Weinheim, Germany
John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd
33 Park Road, Milton, Queensland 4064, Australia
John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd, 2 Clementi Loop #02-01,
Jin Xing Distripark, Singapore 129809
John Wiley & Sons (Canada) Ltd, 22 Worcester Road,
Rexdale, Ontario M9W 1L1, Canada
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Reeve, Roger N.
Introduction to environmental analysis/Roger N. Reeve.
p. cm. - (Analytical techniques in the sciences)
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN 0-471-49294-9 (cloth: alk. paper) - ISBN 0-471-49295-7 (pbk.:alk. paper)
1. Pollutants - Analysis. 2. Environmental chemistry. 3. Chemistry, Analytic. I. Title.
II. Series.
TD193.R44342001
628.5-dc21 2001026255
British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data
A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library
ISBN 0-471-49294-9 (Cloth)
ISBN 0-471-49295-7 (Paper)
Typeset in 10/12pt Times by Laser Words, (India) Ltd.
Printed and bound in Great Britain by Antony Rowe, Chippenham, Wiltshire.
This book is printed on acid-free paper responsibly manufactured from sustainable forestry in which at least two trees are planted for each one used for paper production.
To Rose
- my wife, companion and friend
Contents
Series Preface xiii
Preface xv
Acronyms, Abbreviations and Symbols xix
About the Author xxiii
1 Introduction 1
1.1 The Environment 1
1.2 Reasons for Concern 2
1.2.1 Today’s World 4
1.2.2 Past and Current Crimes 4
1.3 Pollution 4
1.4 The Necessity of Chemical Analysis 8
2 Transport of Pollutants in the Environment and
Approaches to their Analysis 11
2.1 Introduction 11
2.2 Sources, Dispersal, Reconcentration and Degradation 12
2.3 Transport and Reconcentration of Neutral Organic Compounds 15
2.3.1 Bioconcentration 16
2.3.2 Accumulation in Sediments 17
2.3.3 Biomagnification 18
2.3.4 Degradation 19
2.4 Transport and Reconcentration of Metal Ions 20
2.4.1 Solubilization 22
viii
Introduction to Environmental Analysis
2.4.2 Deposition in Sediments 22
2.4.3 Uptake by Organisms 22
2.5 What is a Safe Level? 23
2.6 Sampling and Sample Variability 24
2.6.1 Representative Samples 24
2.6.2 Sample Storage 25
2.6.3 Critical Paths and Critical Groups 26
2.7 General Approach to Analysis 26
2.8 The Choice of Laboratory or Field Analysis 28
2.9 Quality Assurance 30
2.9.1 Finding a Suitable Method 32
2.9.2 Laboratory Standards 33
3 Water Analysis - Major Constituents 35
3.1 Introduction 35
3.2 Sampling 41
3.3 Measurement of Water Quality 46
< 1 > 2 3 4 5 6 7 .. 111 >> Next