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Connection Oriented Networks - Perros H.G

Perros H.G Connection Oriented Networks - John Wiley & Sons, 2005. - 359 p.
ISBN 0-470-02163-2
Download (direct link): connectionorientednetworks2005.pdf
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6 The Multi-Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) Architecture 131
6.1 The Internet Protocol (IP): A Primer 131
6.1.1 The IP Header 132
6.1.2 IP Addresses 133
6.1.3 ARP, RARP, and ICMP 135
6.1.4 IP Version 6 (IPv6) 136
6.2 The Multi-Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) Architecture 136
6.2.1 Label Allocation Schemes 141
6.2.2 The Next Hop Label Forwarding Entry (NHLFE) 142
6.2.3 Explicit Routing 143
6.2.4 An Example of the Use of the Label Stack 144
6.2.5 Schemes for Setting up an LSP 145
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CONTENTS
6.3 MPLS Over ATM 145
6.3.1 VC Merging 146
6.3.2 Hybrid ATM Switches 147
Problems 147
7 Label Distribution Protocols 149
7.1 The Label Distribution Protocol (LDP) 149
7.1.1 Label Spaces, LDP Sessions, and Hello Adjacencies 150
7.1.2 The LDP PDU Format 152
7.1.3 The LDP Message Format 153
7.1.4 The LDP Messages 153
7.2 The Constrained-Based Routing Label Distribution Protocol
(CR-LDP) 157
7.2.1 CR-LSP Setup Procedure 158
7.2.2 The Label Request Message 159
7.2.3 The Label Mapping Message 161
7.2.4 The Traffic Parameters TLV 161
7.2.5 Classes of Service 166
7.3 The Resource Reservation Protocol (RSVP) 167
7.3.1 Reservation Styles 169
7.3.2 Soft State 169
7.3.3 The RSVP Message Format 170
7.3.4 The Path Message 172
7.3.5 The Resv Message 172
7.4 The Resource Reservation Protocol - Traffic Engineering
(RSVP-TE) 173
7.4.1 Service Classes and Reservation Styles 174
7.4.2 The RSVP-TE New Objects 175
7.4.3 The RSVP-TE Path and Resv Messages 178
7.4.4 RSVP-TE Extensions 179
Problems 179
8 Optical Fibers and Components 181
8.1 WDM Optical Networks 181
8.2 How Light is Transmitted Through an Optical Fiber 183
8.2.1 Multi-mode and Single-mode Optical Fibers 186
8.2.2 Impairments 188
8.2.3 Types of Fibers 191
8.3 Components 191
8.3.1 Lasers 192
8.3.2 Photo-detectors and Optical Receivers 194
8.3.3 Optical Amplifiers 194
8.3.4 The 2 x 2 Coupler 196
8.3.5 Optical Cross-connects (OXCs) 197
Problems 203
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