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Digital photography All-in-one desk reference 3rd edition - Busch D.

Busch D. Digital photography All-in-one desk reference 3rd edition - Wiley publishing, 2006. - 755 p.
ISBN: 0-470-03743-1
Download (direct link): digitalphotographyallinone2006.pdf
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Now, the software knows this is the area you want to clone and use elsewhere. The size of your brush dictates the size of the sampled area. You can set the brush size on the Options bar while the Clone Stamp is active.
5. Now, click the spot that you want to cover to deposit the cloned content, as shown in Figure 4-14.
You can click over and over, and the cloned content appears wherever you click.
Restoring, Replacing, and Removing Photographic Content 55
Figure 4-14: Your copied content is painted over the guardrail.
Be sure to turn off the Aligned option on the Clone Stamp Options bar so that the original sampled spot is used as the source each time you click to deposit the cloned content. If Aligned is on, the Clone Stamp continuously resamples content, and you can end up with undesirable results.
Fixing larger areas
To replace larger areas with the Edit, Copy, and Paste commands, follow these steps:
1. Using the Marquee or Lasso tool, select the area you want to use to cover up something else in the image, as shown in Figure 4-15.
You can find more information about these selection tools in Book VI, Chapter 1.
2. Choose EditOCopy from the main menu.
You can also press Ctrl+C on a Windows computer or ^+C on a Mac to do the same thing.
This places a duplicate of the selected area in your computerís memory, and it waits there until you tell your software where to place the copied content.
Book I
Chapter 4
Editing or Restoring a Photo Electronically
Restoring, Replacing, and Removing Photographic Content
3. Paste the content by choosing EditOPaste from the main menu.
The keyboard shortcut for this is Ctrl+V for Windows and ^+V for Macs.
4. Click the Move tool in the Tool palette to activate it and then drag the pasted content into the desired position.
5. Blur the edges of the added content so that it blends with the rest of the photo.
If youíre not sure how, read on.
Figure 4-15: Select the area you want to use to cover up something else.
Adding the finishing touches
After youíve positioned your cloned or pasted content, you can use the Blur tool to blend any obvious sharp edges. To do so, follow these steps:
1. Click the Blur tool to select it.
2. Using a small brush size, scrub (brush) over the edges of the pasted content to make the edges disappear.
The content should look as if it were always there, as shown in Figure 4-16.
Restoring, Replacing, and Removing Photographic Content 57
Figure 4-16: The guardrail and overlapping gargoyle are gone!
If you merge the layers of your image (LayerOMerge Visible), the photo becomes one layer again, and you can blur both the pasted content and the surrounding content, all with one stroke.
Rearranging parts of the picture
Moving part of your image requires selecting it with the Marquee or Lasso tools (or the equivalent tools in the software youíve chosen to use). After you select the content, you activate the Move tool and then drag the selection to a new spot.
Book I
Chapter 4
Editing or Restoring a Photo Electronically
Restoring, Replacing, and Removing Photographic Content
One thing to remember when moving content is that it leaves a hole where the content originally was. The hole is filled with the current background color, which is normally white. If you want to move content and also leave it in place, press and hold the Alt key (or Option key if youíre using a Mac) as you drag. A duplicate of the content is moved, instead of the original content, as shown in Figure 4-17.
If youíre wondering whether you can move content between images, the answer is yes ó if youíre using the higher-end image editing applications. Some of the lower-end applications donít allow more than one image to be open at a time, making it impossible to drag content from one image onto another or to easily use the EditOCopy command in one image and then use the EditOPaste command in another image.
Original
Duplicate
Figure 4-17: Holding down the Alt/Option key as you drag a selection creates a duplicate of the selection.
Restoring, Replacing, and Removing Photographic Content 59
Getting rid of unwanted content
After you select an area of your image by using any of the selection tools, you can press the Delete key to get rid of it. Doing so leaves a hole, and the background color shows through. You can then use any tool you want ó such as the Paintbrush or the Paint Bucket (which fills the area with a solid color or a pattern) ó to occupy the hole where the content used to be.
You can also use the Clone Stamp or the EditOCopy and EditOPaste commands to fill the hole with content from elsewhere in the image.
Another way to get rid of content in one place, but to not lose the content altogether, is to use the EditOCut command. This command removes content, but instead of simply deleting it forever, the content is placed in the computerís memory (in a space called the Clipboard), where it waits for you to paste it somewhere. This is similar to the copy-and-paste process, except for the fact that the Cut command deletes the selected content where it currently is. The Paste portion of the process is the same, whether you use Cut or Copy.
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