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Piano for dummies - Blake N.

Blake N. Piano for dummies - IDG, 1996. - 353 p.
Download (direct link): pianofordummies1991.pdf
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A grace note does not have to be in close proximity to the full note that follows. Heck, a grace note could be all the way at the other end of the keyboard. The effect of a grace note is not derived by closeness but by how it gives the full note a little lift.
To hear some grace notes in action, listen to Track 60 as you follow along with the music to the rousing classic “Pop! Goes the Weasel,” which is just bursting with grace notes. Practice the song slowly at first until your fingers sort of feel where to go ... gracefully.
Track 60
Pop! Goes the Weasel
. Chapter 13: Dressing Up Your Music
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7, J t I
7—r
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Grace notes are a common feature of blues, jazz, country, and classical piano music styles, which you can read more about in Chapter 15. Heck, you can use grace notes anywhere you like. The best grace notes are those that are a half-step or a whole step away from the full melodic note, but feel free to try ones that are even farther apart. Beginning a song’s melody with a grace note is an excellent idea, especially if the song is in the jazz or blues style.
Just Trittin'
If you’ve ever heard the sound of a piccolo twittering high above the band in a John Phillip Sousa march, you’ve heard the effect of a trill. What sounds like a very elaborate trick for the piccolo player is actually a very simple procedure of alternating between two notes in rapid succession. The same holds true for trills in piano music.
What do they sound like? You mean the piccolo metaphor wasn’t good enough for you? A trill sounds like a bunch of 32nd or 64th notes, as shown in Figure 13-2. (For more on 32nd and 64th notes, flip to Chapter 5.)
To conserve ink and to avoid having to write all those darn beams, composers use a shorthand symbol for trills: They write a tr above the trilled note. You know, “tr” as in the first two letters of the word “trill.” Sometimes, music isn’t so complicated.
Ptrt V: Technique Counts for Everything

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Generally speaking, a note is trilled upward to the next closest scale tone. However, sometimes a composer wants a downward trill or even a half-step trill. If this is the case, the specific note to be used in the trill can be written several ways, as shown in Figure 13-3.
As you can see in Figure 13-3, a neurotic and overly productive composer has several ways to make absolutely sure that you trill to the right note. In addition to the tr symbol, the composer can write a sharp or flat sign, which tells you to trill to the note’s sharp or to the note’s flat. Another way of notating the trill is to write the specific trilled note as a small stemless notehead in parentheses next to the original note.
Figure 13-3:
Simon says, "Trill this note."
tr*
tr°
tr
tr
■ 1» m^7 *-(!»♦> —
1
(Trill C to D) (Trill C to C#| (Trill C to B) (Trill C to D) (Trill C to B^)
To err is human, to deceive is divine
Articulations and special effects, such as grace notes, trills, and glissandos, can really help you dress up your sound. In addition, they can help you cover up mistakes and wrong notes.
Whenever you play a wrong note, follow the mistake with a grace note, trill, or glissando.
For example, if you meant to hit a G, but you hit F-sharp, just make the F-sharp into a grace note and slide into the correct G note. You'll fool the audience nearly every time.
Chapter 13: Dressing Up Your Music
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So, enough talk about trills — you should try playing some yourself. Listen to Henry Purcell’s famous “Trumpet Voluntary” on Track 61 to get an idea of how it should sound. Then try it yourself. Each trill is on the note D, played with RH2 (your right-hand index finger), and trills upward to E (the next highest scale tone), played with RH3. Alternate very rapidly between these two notes while counting the number of beats required for the trill, a dotted quarter note.
Track 61
Trumpet Voluntary
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C G tr
G C F G tr
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Don’t wait for the composer to give you a trill — add ’em yourself. I feel confident that you can write tr above a note without much trouble. Half notes and whole notes are the best note lengths to trill because they are longer and allow you more time to get those fingers fluttering. Experiment with half-step and whole-step trills in different directions. Trills add a certain classical finesse to your playing style. (Chapter 15 tells you all about the classical style of music.)
Part V: Technique Counts for Everything
Don't Miss the Gtiss
Figure 13-4:
Gliss me, gliss me, now you gotta kiss me.
A glissando (also known as a gliss in this lazy music industry) is a fast slide across several keys on the keyboard. There’s nothing quite like starting and ending a song with this effect. I guarantee that it will dazzle any audience you care to play for.
To do a gliss, put your thumb on a high C note and drag your thumb down across the keys very quickly all the way to the bottom of the keyboard. Cool, huh?
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