in black and white
Main menu
Share a book About us Home
Biology Business Chemistry Computers Culture Economics Fiction Games Guide History Management Mathematical Medicine Mental Fitnes Physics Psychology Scince Sport Technics

Principles and practice of Clinical parasitology - Gillespie S.

Gillespie S. Principles and practice of Clinical parasitology - Wiley publishing , 2001. - 675 p.
ISBN 0-471-97729-2
Download (direct link): principlesandpracticeofclin2001.pdf
Previous << 1 .. 151 152 153 154 155 156 < 157 > 158 159 160 161 162 163 .. 212 >> Next

Van Gool T, Vetter JCM, Weinmayr B, Van Dam A, Derouin F, Dankert J (1997). High seroprevalence of Encephalitozoon species in immunocompetent subjects. J Infect Dis 175: 1020-4.
Vavra J, Dahbiova R, Hollister WS, Canning EU (1993). Staining of microsporidian spores by optical brighteners with remarks on the use of brighteners for the diagnosis of
AIDS associated human microsporidioses. Folia Parasitol 40: 267-72.
Vavra J, Yachnis AT, Canning EU, Curry A, Shadduck JA, Orenstein JM (1998a). A Trachipleistophora-like microsporidium of man: its dimorphic nature and relationship with Thelohania apodemi. Folia Parasitol 45: 157-62.
Vavra J, Yachnis AT, Shadduck JA, Orentein JM (1998b). Microsporidia of the genus Trachipleistophora—causative agents of human microsporidiosis: description of
Trachipleistophora anthropophthera n.sp. (Protozoa: Microsporidia). J Eukaryot Microbiol 45: 273-83.
Velasquez JN, Carnevale S, Guarnera EA et al. (1996). Detection of the microsporidian parasite Enterocytozoon bieneusi in specimens from patients with AIDS by PCR. J Clin Microbiol 34: 3230-2.
Visvesvara GS, Belloso M, Moura H et al. (1999). Isolation of Nosema algerae from the cornea of an immunocompetent patient. J Eukaryot Microbiol 46: 10S.
Vossbrinck CR, Maddox JV, Friedman S, Debrunner-Vossbrinck BA, Woese CR (1987). Ribosomal RNA sequence suggests microsporidia are extremely ancient eukaryotes. Nature 326: 411-14.
Vossbrinck CR, Baker MD, Didier ES, Debrunner-Vossbrinck BA, Shadduck JA (1993). Ribosomal DNA sequences of Encephalitozoon hellem and Encephalitozoon cuniculi: species identification and phylogenetic
construction. J Eukaryot Microbiol 40: 354-62.
Wanke CA, DeGirolami P, Federman M (1996). Enterocytozoon bieneusi infection and diarrheal disease in patients who were not infected with human immunodeficiency virus: case report and review. Clin Infect Dis 23: 816-18.
Weber R, Bryan RT, Owen RL et al. (1992a). Improved light microscopical detection of microsporidia spores in stool and duodenal aspirates. N Engl J Med 326: 161-5.
Weber R, Kuster H, Keller R et al. (1992b). Pulmonary and intestinal microsporidiosis in a patient with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Am Rev Resp Dis 146: 16035.
Weber R, Bryan RT, Schwartz DA, Owen RL (1994). Human microsporidial infections. Clin Microbiol Rev 7: 426-61.
Weidner E, Canning EU, Rutledge CR, Meek CL (1999). Mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) host compatibility and vector competency for the human myositic parasite Trachipleistophora hominis (Phylum Microspora). J Med Entomol 36: 522-5.
Weiss LM, Edlind TD, Vossbrinck CR, Hashimoto T (1999). Microsporidian molecular phylogeny: the fungal
connection. J Eurkaryot Microbiol 46: S17-18.
Wittner M, Weiss LM (eds) (1999). The Microsporidia and Microsporidioses, p. 553. Washington, DC: ASM Press.
Yachnis AT, Berg J, Martinez-Salazar A et al. (1996). Disseminated microsporidiosis especially infecting the brain, heart and kidneys. Report of a newly recognised pansporoblastic species in two symptomatic AIDS patients. Am J Clin Pathol 106: 535-43.
Zender HO, Arrigoni E, Eckert J, Kapanci Y (1989). A case of Encephalitozoon cuniculi peritonitis in a patient with AIDS. Am J Clin Pathol 92: 352-6.
Principles and Practice of Clinical Parasitology. Edited by S. Gillespie & Richard D. Pearson Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons Ltd Print ISBN 0-471-97729-2 Online ISBN 0-470-84250-4
Upinder Singh and William A. Petri Jr
University of Virginia Health Sciences Center, Charlottesville, VA, USA
This chapter will discuss the parasites Entamoeba histolytica, E. dispar, E. coli, E. polecki and E. nana and their clinical importance, disease
presentations and contribution to human illness. Of these amoeba species, E. histolytica is the most medically relevant parasite and causes the greatest human disease, and therefore will receive the greatest emphasis.
E. histolytica has recently been separated from E. dispar on the basis of genetic differences. Both protozoa are morphologically identical but have genetic, and functional differences; E. histolytica is invasive and causes disease such as colitis and liver abscess, and E. dispar causes a asymptomatic colonization which does not need to be medically treated (WHO/PAHO/UNESCO,
1997). In 1828, James Annesley wrote in Prevalent Diseases of India, ‘. . . hepatic disease seems to be induced by the disorder of the bowels, more particularly when this disorder is of a subacute or chronic kind’, recognizing for the first time a link between dysentery and liver abscess. Approximately 30 years later, in 1855, Lambl described amebae in the stool of a child who had diarrhea (Stillwell, 1955). Fedor Losch described amebae in the stool of a young farmer with dysentery from his first evaluation in November 1873 until his death in April 1874. The amebae causing the ultimate demise of the
farmer were described as ‘round, pear-shaped or irregular form and which are in a state of almost continuous motion’, and autopsy studies ultimately revealed colonic ulcerations. Koch’s postulates were fulfilled when the patient’s stool inoculated orally and rectally into a dog caused dysentery, with amebic ulcers (Stillwell, 1955; Kean, 1988). The first North American case of amebiases was reported in 1890 by Sir William Osler, when he described a young physician in Baltimore with dysentery. Osler wrote: ‘Dr B, aged 29, resident in Panama for nearly 6 years, where he had had several attacks of dysentery, or more correctly speaking a chronic dysentery, came north in May, 1889 . . .’. Subsequently, in 1890, the patient developed tender hepatosple-nomegaly and amebae were observed in the stool and abscess fluid: ‘The general character of the amoebae (found in the stool) correspond in every particular with those found in the liver’ (Osler, 1890). A year later, Osler’s colleagues Councilman and Lafleur (1891) proceeded through a classic investigation of 14 cases of amebic dysentery to
Previous << 1 .. 151 152 153 154 155 156 < 157 > 158 159 160 161 162 163 .. 212 >> Next