Books in black and white
 Books Biology Business Chemistry Computers Culture Economics Fiction Games Guide History Management Mathematical Medicine Mental Fitnes Physics Psychology Scince Sport Technics

# Detection, Estimation modulation theory part 1 - Vantress H.

Vantress H. Detection, Estimation modulation theory part 1 - Wiley & sons , 2001. - 710 p.
ISBN 0-471-09517-6 Previous << 1 .. 108 109 110 111 112 113 < 114 > 115 116 117 118 119 120 .. 254 >> Next Throughout most of our work we retain the white noise assumption so singular tests never arise. Whenever the assumption is removed, it is necessary to check the model to ensure that it does not correspond to a singular test.
306 4.3 Detection and Estimation in Nonwhite Gaussian Noise
General Binary Receivers. Our discussion up to this point has considered only the simple binary detection problem. The extension to general binary receivers is straightforward. Let
ĘÎ = y/% S&) + n(t), Tt<t< T,:HU
ĘÎ = VE0s0(t) + n(t), T, < t < Tf :H0,
where 50(0 and sx(t) are normalized over the interval (0, T) and are zero elsewhere. Proceeding in exactly the same manner as in the simple binary case, we obtain the following results. One receiver configuration is shown in Fig. 4.40a. The function gA(0 satisfies
sA(t) a Vex ^(o - Ve0 s0(t)
= Ą' gA(u) Kn(t, u) du, Tt< t < Tf. (212)
JTi
The performance is characterized by d2:
Tf
d2 = JJsA(t) Qn(t, u) sA(u) dt du. (213)
t,
The functions Kn(t, č) and Qn(t, u) were defined in (145) and (161), respectively. As an alternative, we can use the whitening realization shown in Fig. 4.406. Here hw(t, č) satisfies (158) and
\$ä,(0 é f X hw(t, č) Sb(u) du, Ňł < t < Tf. (214)
JTi
rTf , Threshold #1 or H0
device

(a)
sAJt)
(b)
Fig. 4.40 (a) Receiver configurations: general binary problem, colored noise; (b) alternate receiver realization.
Estimation 307
The performance is characterized by the energy in the whitened difference signal:
«/2=Ą×Ä0Ŕ. (215)
JTi
The M-ŕăó detection case is also a straightforward extension (see Problem 4.3.5). From our discussion of white noise we would expect that the estimation case would also follow easily. We discuss it briefly in the next section.
4.3.5 Estimation
The model for the received waveform in the parameter estimation problem is
ĘÎ = s(t, A) + n(t), T{<t< 7>. (216)
The basic operation on the received waveform consists of constructing the likelihood function, for which it is straightforward to derive an expression. If, however, we look at (98-101), and (146-153), it is clear that the answer will be:
In AJKO, A] = ( ' r(z) dz Ă ' Qn(z, v) ô, A) dv
JTi JTi
- \ \ ' dz s{z, A) f ' Qn(z, V) s(v, A) dv. (217)
JTt JTi
This result is analogous to (153) in the detection problem. If we define
g(z, A) =( ' Qn(z, v) s(v, A) dv, Tt < z < Th (218)
JTi
or, equivalently,
s(v, A) = f ' Kn(v, z)g(z, A) dz, Ňł < v < T„ (219)
JTi
(217) reduces to
In Ax[/-(/), A] = f ’ r(z) g(z, A) dz
JTi
~ ł ( ´ Ô’ A) g(z> A) dz- (22°)
JTi
The discussions in Sections 4.2.2 and 4.2.3 carry over to the colored noise case in an obvious manner. We Summarize some of the important results for the linear and nonlinear estimation problems.
308 4.3 Detection and Estimation in Nonwhite Gaussian Noise
Linear Estimation. The received waveform is
r(t) = AVEs(t) + n(t), Tt< t < Th (221)
where ä(ă) is normalized [0, T] and zero elsewhere. Substituting into (218), we see that
where g(t) is the function obtained in the simple binary detection case by solving (169).
Thus the linear estimation problem is essentially equivalent to simple binary detection. The estimator structure is shown in Fig. 4.41, and the estimator is completely specified by finding g(t). If A is a nonrandom variable, the normalized error variance is
where d2 is given by (198). If A is a value of a random variable a with a Gaussian a priori density, N(0, <ra), the minimum mean-square error is
(These results correspond to (96) and (97) in the white noise case) All discussion regarding singular tests and optimum signals carries over directly.
Nonlinear Estimation. In nonlinear estimation, in the presence of colored noise, we encounter all the difficulties that occur in the white noise case. In addition, we must find either Qn(t, u) or g(t, A). Because all of the results are obvious modifications of those in 4.2.3, we simply summarize the results:
1. A necessary, but not sufficient, condition on aml:
g(t, A) = A g(t),
(222)
(223) Previous << 1 .. 108 109 110 111 112 113 < 114 > 115 116 117 118 119 120 .. 254 >> Next 