Download (direct link):
Gap,” Wall Street Journal (April 6, 1999), p. B1.
80 Guynn, op. cit. (1998).
81 Daniel C. Feldman and Helen I. Doerpinghaus, “Missing Persons No
Longer: Managing Part-Time Workers in the ’90s,” Organizational Dynamics (Summer 1992), pp. 59-72.
82 R. N. Osborn, J. G. Hunt, and L. Jauch, Organization Theory: Integrated
Text and Cases (Melbourne, FL: Krieger, 1984), pp. 123-215.
83 See Henry Mintzberg, Structure in Fives: Designing Effective Organiza-
tions (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1983).
84 For a comprehensive review, see W. Richard Scott, Organizations: Ra-
tional, Natural, and Open Systems, 2nd ed. (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1987).
85 See Peter M. Blau and Richard A. Schoenner, The Structure of Organiza-
tions (New York: Basic Books, 1971).
86 Joan Woodward, Industrial Organization: Theory and Practice (London:
Oxford University Press, 1965).
88 Gerardine DeSanctis, “Information Technology,” in Nigel Nicholoson
(ed.), Blackwell Encyclopedic Dictionary of Organizational Behavior (Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, Ltd., 1995), pp. 232-233.
89 James D. Thompson, Organization in Action (New York: McGraw-Hill,
90 Woodward (1965).
91 For reviews, see Osborn, Hunt, and Jauch (1984); and Louis Fry, “Tech-
nology-Structure Research: Three Critical Issues,” Academy of Management Journal 25 (1982): pp. 532-552.
92 Mintzberg (1983).
93 Charles Perrow, Complex Organizations: A Critical Essay, 3rd ed. (New
York: Random House, 1986).
94 Mintzberg (1983).
95 Prashant C. Palvia, Shailendra C. Palvia and Edward M. Roche, Global
Information Technology and Systems Management: Key Issues and Trends (Nashua, NH: Ivy League Publishing, 1996).
96 DeSanctis (1995).
97 P. Candace Deans, Global Information Systems and Technology: Focus
on the Organization and Its Functional Areas (Harrisburg, PA: Ideal Group Publishing, 1994).
98 Osborn, Hunt, and Jauch (1984).
99 David A. Nadler and Michael L. Tushman, Competing by Design: The
Power of Organizational Architecture (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997).
100 David Lei, Michael Hitt, and Richard A. Bettis, “Dynamic Capabilities
and Strategic Management,” Journal of Management 22 (1996): pp.
101 Melissa A. Schilling, “Technological Lockout: An Integrative Model of
the Economic and Strategic Factors Driving Technological Success and Failure,” Academy of Management Review 23, No. 2 (1998): 267-284.
102 Jack Veiga and Kathleen Dechant, “Wired World Woes:www.help,”
Academy of Management Executive 11, No. 3 (1997): 73-79.
103 Jaana Woiceshyn, “The Role of Management in the Adoption of Tech-
nology: A Longitudinal Investigation,” Technology Studies 4, No. 1
104 Janice Beyer, Danta P. Ashmos, and R. N. Osborn, “Contrasts in Enact-
ing TQM: Mechanistic vs Organic Ideology and Implementation,” Journal of Quality Management 1 (1997): 13-29.
105 Veiga and Dechant (1997).
106 Michael A. Hitt, R. Duane Ireland, and Robert E. Hoskisson, Strategic Management: Competitiveness and Globalization (Cincinnati, OH: South-Western College Publishing, 1999).
107 This section is based on R. N. Osborn and J. G. Hunt, “The Environ-
ment and Organization Effectiveness,” Administrative Science Quarterly 19 (1974): 231-246; and Osborn, Hunt, and Jauch (1984).
108 See R. N. Osborn and C. C. Baughn, “New Patterns in the Formation of
U.S./Japanese Cooperative Ventures,” Columbia Journal of World Business 22 (1988): 57-65.
109 R. N. Osborn, The Evolution of Strategic Alliances in High Technology,
working paper (Detroit: Department of Management, Wayne State University, 1997); and Shawn Tully, “The Modular Corporation,” Fortune (February 8, 1993).
110 L. R. Jauch and R. N. Osborn, “Toward an Integrated Theory of Strat-
egy,” Academy of Management Review 6 (1981): 491-498; Alfred D. Chandler, The Visible Hand: The Managerial Revolution in America (Cambridge, MA: Belknap, 1977); Karen Bantel and R. N. Osborn, “The Influence of Performance, Environment and Size on the Identifiability of Firm Strategy,” British Journal of Management 6 (1995): 235-248.
111 Hitt, Ireland, and Hoskisson (1999).
112 M. E. Porter, Competitive Strategy (New York: Free Press, 1980).
113 J. C. Spencer and R. M. Grant, “Knowledge and the Firm: Overview,”
Strategic Management Journal 17 (Winter special issue 1996): 5-10: Spencer and Grant (1996).
Section Five ? 241
Information from “A Global Sightseeing Tour,” Business Week (February 1,
1999), pp. ENT3.
Information from “Yahoo!,” Business Week (September 7, 1998), pp. 66-76. “Just a Wee Bit of Life in Silicon Glen,” World Business (March/April 1996), p. 13.
Council on Economic Priorities Accreditation Agency Web site, www.cepaa.org.
Developed from Geert Hofstede, Culture’s Consequences (Beverly Hills,
CA: Sage Publications, 1980).
Developed from Fons Trompenaars, Riding the Waves of Culture (London: Nicholas Brealey Publishing, 1993).
Developed from Nancy J. Adler, International Dimensions of Organizational Behavior, 2nd ed. (Boston: Kent, 1991).