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Conference of the European Association for the Advancement of Archaeology by Experiment - Haupl M.

Haupl M. Conference of the European Association for the Advancement of Archaeology by Experiment - Vais, 2003. - 58 p.
Download (direct link): conferenseofeuropean2003.pdf
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There is a relationship between worked material and working edge use-wear degree and represents the basis for a correct interpretation of a lithic artefact "active life".
A trustable experimental program has to be rigorous, to define the active/functional areas of an artefact, inferring the worked material used and reconstructing the motion/kinematic played.
Once prepared the controlled-experimental context, data-base, artefact reproductions, moulds, drawings, photos, etc., the operative chain will be played on, trying to define active functional edge of artefact and creating use-wear traces. By observing the different operational phases, primarely technology and utilization, it is possible to understand and distinguish among the development stages of the wear traces and associate to these to the diverse resemblings of macro and micro use-wears.
The next microscopic analysis of the experimental and archaeological tools will allowed the determination of the worked materials and kinematics traces, and proposing the functional reconstruction of the arcaheological contexts once compared with those studied on prehistoric implements. Then the experimental data will be enclose in the network of archaeological contexts analysis of which the tool becomes the catalyzer element of the different archaeological data.
PhD. Laura Longo
Museo di Storia Naturale Verona
Corso Cavour 11
I-37121 Verona
laura.longo@comune.verona.it
Mariarosa Iovino
Leiden University - The Netherelands miarosa@tin.it
Common Themes
17
Heather Gill-Robinson
Peat Piglets and Bog Bodies
Bog bodies (Moorleichen) are well-preserved human remains that have been excavated from the peat bogs of northern Europe. Since we do not know when another of these unique bodies will be found, a project was devised in an attempt to replicate bog bodies by using piglets as human substitutes. The piglets were buried in peat bogs in England and Wales, usually at sites that had previously produced preserved human remains, for periods ranging from 6 months to 3 years. This paper reports on the methodology and interesting results of these experiments.
(This lecture is cancelled - Dieser Vortrag entfallt)
Heather Gill-Robinson Department of Anthropology 127-179 Allegheny Drive, Winnipeg Manitoba R3T 3A1 hgrobinson@mts.net
Common Themes - Poster
18
Common Themes - Poster
Paivi Maaranen, Lasse Mattila, Johanna Seppa
Living History and Some Archaeological Experiments
A small group of archaeologists, conservators and handcrafters in Finland have been studying ancient technologies and artefact manufacturing. Their experiments are based on archaeology, and they have been attempting to produce reliable representations of living history from the Stone Age (8400 - 1900/1700 calBC), the Iron Age (600/500 calBC- 1150/1300 AD) and the Middle Ages (1150/1300 - 1520 AD).
The group has been operating since 1995, recreating examples of ancient technologies, tools, and other implements which are demonstrated to the public at living history events in Finland. In addition, members of the group have given presentations and courses in schools and universities and have also published experimental archaeology studies of archery.
Finnish prehistoric and early historical period are fascinating but finds are fragmentary, and written sources are relatively modern (dating back only to the Middle Ages) and scarce. Organic artefacts have been found only from a few waterlogged sites. Because of their scarcity researchers must deduce information about them from similar finds nearby, and the results of experimental archaeology.
In Finland, there are few experts who specialize in experimental archaeology, and there is no systematic teaching of the subject at Finnish universities. However, there is a growing interest in experimental archaeology and living history; museums especially are becoming interested in presenting simulations of ancient dwellings and artefacts.
Phil.Lic Paivi Maaranen National Board of Antiquities PO. Box 913 Fi-00101 Helsinki paivi_maaranen@hotmail.com
BA Lasse Mattila
Conservation and Museum Services Lasse Mattila LTD hirsipadontie 5 J 109 FI-00640 Helsinki lasse.mattila@webinfo.fi
MA Johanna Seppa National Board of Antiquities pajalahdentie 9 A 8 FI-00200 Helsinki johanna.seppa@ppl.inet.fi
Common Themes - Poster
19
Katrin Ulrich
Experimente ausgraben und dann?
In diesem Vortrag soll erneut die Problematik der Bedeutung:
experimentalarchaologische Forschung -- Ruckkopplung zu archaologischen Grabungsergebnissen, aufgegriffen werden. Dabei wollen wir versuchen Einblicke in unsere Ergebnisse zu geben und diese gleichzeitig zur Diskussion stellen.
Im Sommer des Jahres 2002 bestand die Moglichkeit die "Reste" einer Reihe von Experimenten, die Frau Dr. Leinewber durchfuhrte, auf dem ehemaligen Gelande des Zentrums fur Experimentelle Archaologie und Museumspadagogik (ZEAM) in Mansfeld (Sachsen-Anhalt) auszugraben. Zwei Eisenverhuttungsofen, ca. 3 Wochen und 3 Jahre alt, gaben verschiedene Stufen des Verfalls wieder. Zur gegrabenen Eisenrostgrube gab es leider kein 2. Pendant.
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