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Piano for dummies - Neely B.

Neely B. Piano for dummies - IDG Books , 1991. - 353 p.
Download (direct link): pianofordummies1991.pdf
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Track 14
Waiting for a Note
p
—> —>— —I—{— —*—
'S" * • * -J—? • —• 1 —m —?—•
7 1 j I» [J $
%- 4 _ -? — G m—3—-m—-—i— 1 —
i ‘1 V r L*—J - =!
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___________________ Cfeapter6:Chinyng the Beaten Path 00
Pick Me Up at Four
Figure 6-6:
Pickup
notes.
Figure 6-7:
She'll Be Coming Round the Mountain in a pickup.
You’ve heard the old adage “everything starts from nothing.” Well, some songs actually begin with rests. That’s right: The performer walks out on stage, sits at the piano, and rests for a few beats before hitting a single note. Why can’t they all do this resting in the dressing room? I could give you a long and boring explanation of why some music starts with rests — but instead, I hope it will suffice to say that there are good reasons to do so.
A song like “She’ll Be Coming Round the Mountain” actually starts with a couple of rests, and the first melody notes come in on beats 3 and 4. These melody notes are called pickup notes, I guess because they pick up the beat and start the song. How nice of them! To play “She’ll Be Coming Round the Mountain,” you count “1, 2, She’ll be . . .,” as shown in Figure 6-6.
—f—
A m —«—m L——m
1 She’ll be H— com- —I—I— ng 'round the moun tain-when she comes.
Rather than “play” a bunch of rests at the beginning, the composer can opt to use a pickup measure, which contains only beats that actually play notes. Figure 6-7 shows you the different notation in a song with a pickup measure.
Pickup measure
o
if A
X 4 m m w m il
m v m
t

She'll be com - ing 'round the moun-tain when she comes.
To play songs with pickup measures, follow three easy steps:
1. Notice the meter.
2. Rest for the number of “missing” beats.
3. Play the pickup notes and away you go.
Hundreds of songs begin with pickup measures, including “When the Saints Go Marching In” (Track 15) and “Oh, Susannah” (Track 16). Listen to the CD and get a feel for these great songs. Play along with the CD if the mood strikes you!
Part II: Getting Sound Down on Paper
Track 15
When the Saints Go Marching In
p
f

1 Oh, when the saints
go march-ing in.
$
m
?
------------ o
5 Oh, when the saints go march - ing in.
?
I
Track 16
Oh, Susannah
when the saints go march - ing in.
Oh Lord, I want to be in that num - ber,
Oh, I come from Al - a - bam-a with a ban-jo on my knee. And I'm
r r ir • iri
goin' to Lou' - si - an - a my Su - san- na for to see.
Chapter 6: Changing the Beaten Path
Adding Time to j/our Notes lOith CurOes and Dots
Plain-patterned, monochromatic clothing can be dreadfully boring or terribly hip. To avoid the former, you might “dress things up” with a little design or other accessory. For a plain black suit, add a tie. If you’re Bozo the Clown, add some polka dots.
Ties? Polka dots? What a great idea! This book may not be billed as Fashion For Dummies, but after you see how ties and dots fit into music, you may begin to have your doubts.
What I’m really talking about is a set of symbols, specifically some curves and dots, that add more time or length to your notes. A quarter or half note doesn’t quite cut it? Need to play the note a little bit longer? Just throw in some of these rhythmic elements to extend the length of your notes.
Ties
Half notes and whole notes last longer than one beat. (Chapter 5 gives you the full scoop on half and whole notes.) But say you want to hold the note over to the next measure of music. What can you do? Of course, music has a solution. Introducing a curvy little line called the tie.
The tie does just what it sounds like: It ties two notes together, causing one continuous-sounding note. For example, a half note tied to a quarter note lasts for three beats. Likewise, a quarter note tied to an eighth note is held for one and a half beats. Figure 6-8 shows you a few notes that are all tied up, as well as how to count them.
Listen to Track 17 and try to play these rhythms. This example helps you quickly understand the function of a musical tie, other than being a cheesy last-minute gift for your musician friends. Please don’t send me one; I already have four!
Figure 6-8:
Tying up the notes
?
m
Hold
Hold
Hold
Part II: Getting Sound Down on Paper
Dots
Another way to extend the length of a note, not to mention to make it look a little fancier, is through the use of a dot. A dot on any size note or rest makes that note or rest last 50 percent longer.
Dotted half notes
Probably the most common dotted note in music is the dotted half note, which gets a total of three beats, as shown in Figure 6-9.
Figure 6-9:
Dotting the note.
0 + a O •
Half Dot Dotted
note half note
(2 beats) (1 beat) (3 beats)
«At CO
You find dotted half notes scattered throughout waltzes and other songs in 3/4 meter, like the theme from Rimsky-Korsakov’s “Scheherazade” (Track 18). (Chapter 5 tells you all about 3/4 meter.)
Notice in “Scheherazade” that you can combine the use of ties and dots. The tie simply adds even more time to the dotted half note. For example, in measure 4, you hold the note B for four beats.
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