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Piano for dummies - Neely B.

Neely B. Piano for dummies - IDG Books , 1991. - 353 p.
Download (direct link): pianofordummies1991.pdf
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Pay attention to these icon occurrences. You can thank me later for showing you how to avoid mistakes or even accidents.
Things that make you say “Wow!” are preceded by this icon. These little gems are funny, odd, and sometimes even useful.
Parti
Warming ?p to the Keyboard
The 5th Wave By Rich Tennant
vlGet me the ant spray .honey. My Mlat ^ust became an F-shanp ! "
In this part...
m^eiore you play a keyboard, you should know what it is, what makes it tick, where to put your hands and feet, and what all those keys are for. No, you don’t need a license, and you won’t have to parallel park for me.
Chapter 1 introduces the keyboard family to you, with its strange cast of characters. Chapter 2 shows you how to sit and what to touch. After Chapter 3, you’re sure to know the name of every black and white key on the piano. Guaranteed!
Chapter 1
Meeting the Keyboard Family
In This Chapter
^ Discovering what makes a keyboard tick ^ Comparing acoustic to electric keyboards ^ Distinguishing a piano from an organ from a pig squealing
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
70 be perfectly clear, when 1 say keyboard 1 mean the type that produces musical sounds. I don’t mean a keyboard with the letters QWERTY on it that is connected to a computer, typewriter, or NASA space launch. So, did you purchase the right book? Good.
Be it a piano, organ, or synthesizer, your keyboard is a wonderful and miraculous Instrument. You have chosen your instrument wisely.
Keyboards come in all shapes and sizes. They can have many keys or just a few; they can be huge pieces of furniture or small little boxes. Whatever the size, shape, or makeup, the instrument is probably a keyboard If any of the following happens:
I,Musical sound is produced via the pressing of a key or button.
J1 Blowing, bowing, strumming, or plucking it doesn’t do much good.
J1 Anyone in the room says, “Hey, dude, nice keyboard!”
If you haven’t yet purchased a keyboard, read this chapter, decide what kind of keyboard interests you, then see Chapter 16 for tips on buying your instrument. You may discover a keyboard at the store that you find even more exciting, but at least the ones I mention in this chapter will give you a starting point.
The Acoustic Ones
Acoustic means non-electric So, acoustic keyboards are great for starving musicians, because even when you can’t pay the electric bill, you can keep playing.
Part I: Warming Up to the Keyboard_
The inner u/orkings
Each key on most acoustic keyboards corresponds to a string, or set of strings, housed inside the body of the instrument. When you press a key, it triggers a fancy mechanism to “play” the strings associated with that key. The string begins to vibrate very, very rapidly. The entire vibration process occurs in a split second — think hummingbird wings’ speed. Your ear picks up these vibrations and you hear music.
To get an idea of just how fast this all happens, go to a piano and touch a key. At the exact same time, you hear a musical note. That’s pretty darn fast.
To keep the strings from vibrating all the time, another mechanism called a damper sits over the strings inside the keyboard. Dampers are made of cloth or felt, which mutes the strings by not allowing any vibration. When you press a key, in addition to triggering the mechanism that vibrates the string, a piano key also lifts the damper.
The basic difference between each type of acoustic keyboard is the type of mechanism used to vibrate the strings. The different mechanisms can produce very different overall sounds.
Back when no one bathed
A long time ago (in a century far, far away), an early keyboard was in the form of a hydraulis, or water-organ. Featured in Roman circuses ("In the center ring, see the dancing hydraulis!"), the pipes were sounded by moving a slider, rather than pressing keys.
Soon after came a small portative organ, which had buttons instead of keys, followed by your basic pipe organ (also known as a church organ) with a set of keys to play a series of pipes.
As early as 1435, Henry Arnoult de Zwolle began designing various keyboard instruments affixed with strings that were vibrated by the
trigger of a key. These early designs included one for the clavichord, which led to the birth of the harpsichord later that century. These two chord instruments differed by the process and mechanism that played each string.
Early versions of keyboard instruments had very few keys — 10 to 20 — a feature that was easily expanded with each successive new model. This marked the birth of an ever-popular sales strategy in the musical instrument industry: making products obsolete in order to sell more next year.
Chapter 1: Meeting the Keyboard Family
Figure 1-1:
Owning one is so grand.
Pianos
Pianos, the most popular acoustic keyboard, come in three appropriately named packages:
J' Grand piano (see Figure 1-1): You may need a living room the size of a grand ballroom to house one of these instruments. If you don’t live in a castle, you may want to consider a baby grand, the smaller version of the grand piano.
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