Download (direct link):
* Non-Registry stuff: This is everything in the subfolders under C:\Documents and Settings\<username>. (If you upgraded from Windows NT 4.0, your profile folders live in C:\WINNT\PROFILES.) You mostly see shortcuts in these folders, but some contain actual data files, most notably the My Documents folder. Non-Registry stuff includes the recently used documents list, user-specific Start menu shortcuts, Internet Explorer cookies, contents of the Network Neighborhood and Printers folders, lists of favorite documents or Web sites, history lists, and so on.
Every time you add a user to a Windows XP system, Windows XP creates these resources:
* Subdirectory under C:\Documents and Settings.
* NTUSER.DAT file in the new subdirectory.
The file is based on the default user information in C:\Documents and Settings\Default User\NTUSER.DAT.
* USRCLASS.DAT file.
The file is buried in C:\Documents and Settings\<username>\Local Settings\Application Data\Microsoft\Windows. This file contains any per-user file type association information, such as the fact that Emily wants to run Photoshop rather than Internet Explorer when she opens a JPG file.
Tip The virtual folder Desktop\My Documents is actually an alias, pointing to C:\Documents and Settings\<username>\My Documents where <username> is the name of the currently logged-on user. Therefore, the 'My Documents' folder changes if a user logs off the system and logs on again using a different account. Similarly, the virtual folder Desktop\My Documents\My Pictures is an alias pointing to C:\Documents and Settings\<username>\My Documents\My Pictures. Certain applications from Microsoft and other vendors use this virtual folder as the default save directory for image files.
Instant Answer You should see an 'All Users' folder in the main profile folder of your machine. The contents of this folder - usually some Start menu shortcuts and other scattered miscellany - combine with the contents of a user's individual profile folders to create the actual user profile. So, for example, the actual Start menu that you see is really the sum of all the shortcuts in C:\Documents and Settings\<username>\Start Menu, plus all the "community" shortcuts in C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Start Menu. Only administrators can add, change, or delete contents of the All Users folder.
Instant Answer You may see an exam question scenario in which a PC's Administrator configures the desktop a certain way (Start menu options, desktop shortcuts, and so on), but another user (who may have Administrator privileges but has a different account) logs on later and doesn't see those configured changes. The reason, as you now know, is that each user has a separate profile. You can solve the problem by copying the Administrator's profile into the other user's profile folder via the System control panel's Advanced tab.
Roaming versus local profiles
User profiles have two flavors:
The test expects you to understand both.
Local profiles are user profiles that live on a particular PC, as opposed to a network location. To clarify, a local profile doesn't mean that the user account must be on a standalone, non-networked PC. You can have a local profile for a network user account as well as for a standalone user account.
Remember A local profile stays on the local hard drive of a single PC. If you take a local profile for a network user account and then give it a new home so that it lives on the network instead of solely on the local hard drive, it then becomes a 'roaming' profile, as I describe in the next section.
With Windows XP, unlike Windows 95/98, you don't have to take a separate step to activate user profiles; the feature is already 'on,' you just have to create the user accounts and log on with them. Also unlike Windows 9x, you can't necessarily just log on with a new user name and have Windows XP create an account for you automatically. You have to create the account ahead of time and then log on.
Which tool you must use and which procedure you must follow to create a local profile depends on your circumstances, as follows:
* On a machine that's not on a network domain, you have two options:
* Fire up the User Accounts control panel.
* Run the Computer Management console from the Administrative Tools control panel and select the Local Users and Groups snap-in.
* On a machine that is on a network domain where you want to add a user who's already defined on the domain, you have three choices:
* Run the User Accounts control panel.
* Start the Local Users and Groups snap-in to the Computer Management console.
* Simply log on to Windows XP Professional as that user.
* On a machine that is on a network domain where you want to add a local (non-domain) user, run the User Accounts control panel and use the Advanced tab.
Remember To run the User Accounts control panel or the Computer Management snap-in, you must log on as Administrator. Windows XP cares about security, so only an Administrator can create a new user account.