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Monitoring and configuring disks
1. Nearly all your disk configuration activity can be performed with the ______ console snap-in.
Monitoring, configuring, and troubleshooting volumes
2. If you want to monitor disk usage by user, activate the ______ feature.
3. How many partitions can you create on a dynamic disk?
Installing, configuring, and managing DVD and CD-ROM devices
4. For the best possible disk performance, create a ______ volume.
5. If Windows XP doesn't play movies with a given DVD drive, you should ______.
Monitoring and configuring removable media
6. A removable cartridge disk can contain a maximum of ______ partition(s).
Managing printers and print jobs
7. In Microspeak, the software interface between the operating system and a physical print device is called a ______.
Connecting to a local print device
8. You can create a printer ______ so that a single logical printer connects to multiple physical print devices.
9. You can tell that a specific printer is the default printer because its icon features a ______.
Connecting to an Internet printer
10. You can connect to a TCP/IP network printer by using the printer's ______ or its ______.
1. Disk Management. 'Hard Drives, Partitions, and Volumes' refers to this utility, which supersedes the NT 4.0 Disk Administrator tool.
2. Quota. See 'Setting quotas' for the details.
3. None. Mildly tricky, sorry. Dynamic disks use volumes instead of partitions. See 'Hard Drives, Partitions, and Volumes' for this and other wisdom.
4. Striped. No points if you said 'fast.' The 'Creating dynamic volumes' section has the lowdown.
5. Get a decoder. Windows XP doesn't come with one. The 'Optical Disks' section elaborates.
6. One. The 'Removable Media' section has more.
7. Printer. If you missed this one (and most do), 'A bit of terminology' is the section to read.
8. Pool. See 'Pooling' in this chapter for how to set this up.
9. Check mark. See 'Installing a new printer' for more.
10. IP address, DNS name. The 'Finding a printer' section explains.
Hard Drives, Partitions, and Volumes
Organizing disk drives is a central function of any operating system and a sure subject for exam questions. Windows XP supports two kinds of disk organization:
* Basic disks, which use partitions (which Microsoft also calls basic volumes) to organize the disk into storage units in much the same way that Windows NT Workstation 4.0, Windows 98, and MS-DOS do.
* Dynamic disks, which use dynamic volumes to organize the disk and which are unique to Windows XP and 2000.
Remember Use partitions with basic disks. Use volumes with dynamic disks.
Dynamic disks use a special database, called the Logical Disk Manager (LDM) database, that lives on the disk's last megabyte of space. Windows replicates the LDM database onto each disk in a dynamic disk group. Because only Windows XP and 2000 know how to access and interpret the LDM, dynamic disks work only with those operating systems.
A single physical disk must be basic or dynamic. On a PC with multiple disks, however, basic disks can cohabitate with dynamic disks.
Windows XP sets up disks as basic disks by default. You can upgrade a basic disk to a dynamic disk with the Disk Management utility (see Lab 7-1 later in this chapter). You might perform such an upgrade if you want to create a striped volume (for better speed) or a spanned volume (for better use of space).
Instant Answer If you're upgrading a Windows NT 4.0 system to Windows XP Professional, and that NT system uses a mirror set, stripe set, or stripe set with parity (all of which are multidisk sets that NT permits), Microsoft suggests you back up and delete the multidisk set before upgrading to XP because XP can't see NT multidisk sets. If desired, you can re-establish a multidisk set by converting basic to dynamic disks after you perform the operating system upgrade, and restore from your backups. In the special case of an NT system with a mirrored system volume or boot volume, you can break the mirror set before performing the upgrade, but you don't have to do a backup and restore.
You can use dynamic disks with any of the three Windows XP file systems, but certain features, such as extending a volume, are available only if you use NTFS. (If you don't know what the heck NTFS is, please read Chapter 3.)
Instant Answer No matter whether you use basic or dynamic disks, Windows XP Professional does not provide any form of fault tolerance for disks in any configuration. Sadly, you don't get mirroring, duplexing, or RAID unless you use Windows 2002 Server or Windows 2000 Server, or unless you buy a third-party hardware solution that provides such features independently from the operating system.
Configuring hard drives
The actions that you can take to configure hard drives are
* Partition a basic disk
* Extend a partition
* Promote a basic disk to a dynamic disk
* Create dynamic volumes
* Extend dynamic volumes