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After your server reboots, follow the prompts to configure RIS. You specify (among other things) a folder on an NTFS volume where the Windows XP Professional installation files should reside. Make sure at least 300MB is available at this location. The wizard copies all the files for you.
On the client side, you can set up computers to boot from the network if the BIOS or network adapters support PXE. Set the BIOS to use the network card as the primary boot device.
Instant Answer If neither the BIOS nor the network card supports PXE, create a boot diskette using the Remote Boot Disk Generator (RBFG.EXE, and yes, the F is for Floppy and it should be D for Disk). RBFG comes with the RIS software. The exam is likely to test your knowledge of this program's name.
Tip If you want to get fancy, you can use RIS to set up a client PC, modify that client PC so that it looks exactly the way you want all other PCs to look (for example, by installing user applications), then run RIPREP.EXE (the Remote Installation Preparation Wizard) to copy the files from the client up to the RIS server. As with SysPrep, the client PC that you set up to be the master image must use the same HAL as the PCs onto which you intend to install Windows XP. Another caution: After you copy the files to the RIS server, you can't change the installation image.
Installing Upgrade Packs and Service Packs
Service packs upgrade the operating system; upgrade packs upgrade applications. Here are a few words of wisdom on each subject.
Upgrade packs are collections of files (usually one or more DLLs) that update applications for better compatibility with Windows XP. For example, an upgrade pack DLL may contain information about moving configuration settings from one part of the Registry to another. You normally use an upgrade pack when upgrading an earlier version of Windows to Windows XP, as opposed to performing a clean install.
Upgrade packs are available from the application vendor rather than from Microsoft, although Microsoft provides information for designing them via the Software Development Kit (SDK). Follow the vendor's guidelines for installation; Windows XP processes the upgrade packs during the graphical mode of setup. You can see examples on the Windows XP CD under \I386\WIN9XMIG.
One of the welcome changes from Windows NT 4.0 is the slipstreaming of service packs. This term means that you can apply a Windows XP service pack to your network-based distribution server, and all future installations from that server incorporate the service pack updates and changes. That is, installers or users don't need to install Windows XP Professional first and then apply the service pack in a separate step. When you apply a service pack to a distribution server, subsequent installations are called 'integrated installations.' Note that you cannot undo such a service pack application!
Instant Answer The command for applying a service pack to a master image is UPDATE. EXE -S:<distpath>, where <distpath> is the path to your existing distribution image. You'd run UPDATE.EXE from the I386 folder on your service pack CD. So, for example, if your service pack CD is on drive D: and your network distribution point is K:\WINXP, the command you'd run would be as follows:
Another nice improvement is that you no longer have to reinstall Windows components (such as network protocols) after applying a service pack, a requirement that often reared its ugly head in NT 4.
Tip The command for applying a service pack to an individual Windows XP Professional workstation is simply UPDATE.EXE. If you run it from a script or batch file, you'd normally use the -U and -Q qualifiers to run the install in unattended, quiet mode.
Third and last, in the 'old days' with NT 4, you had to reapply service packs after changing the configuration of operating system services. For example, if you added the file and printer sharing service, you'd have to reapply the service pack. Windows XP is smart enough to ask for the proper files when you make a configuration change, removing the need to perform a service pack reinstall. Three cheers for these three changes.
Installing Windows XP Professional
1. What are ways of checking a PC's hardware and software compatibility before upgrading to Windows XP Professional? (Choose all that apply.)
A. Run WINNT32.EXE /CHECKUPGRADE.
B. Run WINNT32.EXE /CHECKUPGRADEONLY.
C. Download and run CHKUPGRD.EXE from Microsoft's Web site.
D. Download and run UPGRDCHK.EXE from Microsoft's Web site.
E. For Windows 98 systems, add the line ReportOnly=Yes to the [Win9xUpg] section of UNATTEND.TXT.
2. You decide to automate your Windows XP deployment by using SysPrep. Which file do you need to create in order to avoid users having to answer questions during the Mini-Setup Wizard?
3. You use Remote Installation Service (RIS) to deploy Windows XP Professional. However, many of the PCs aren't PXE-compliant at the BIOS level or the network adapter card level. What program do you use to create a boot diskette for these PCs?