Books
in black and white
Main menu
Home About us Share a book
Books
Biology Business Chemistry Computers Culture Economics Fiction Games Guide History Management Mathematical Medicine Mental Fitnes Physics Psychology Scince Sport Technics
Ads

Dynamic Memory. A Theory of Reminding and Learning in Computers and People - Schank R.C.

Schank R.C. Dynamic Memory. A Theory of Reminding and Learning in Computers and People - Cambridge University Press, 1982. - 250 p.
Download (direct link): dinamycmemory1982.djvu
Previous << 1 .. 99 100 101 102 103 104 < 105 > 106 >> Next

References
229
Schank, R C., and Abelson, R Scripts, plans, and knowledge Proceedings of the Fourth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Tbilisi, USSR, 1975 Schank, R C., and Abelson, R. Scripts, plans, goals and understanding Hillsdale, N J : Eilbaum, 1977
Schank, R Ñ , and Wilensky, R A goal-directed production system for story understanding, In Pattern-directed Inference Systems, New York: Academic Press, 1977 Smith, E E , Adams, N., & Schorr, D Fact retrieval and the paradox of interference Cognitive Psychology, 1978, 10, 438-464 Wilensky, R. Understanding goal-based stories Technical Report 140 Yale University, Department of Computer Science, Ph D thesis, 1978
abandon Abbott, Abelson 40, : 144, abstract: abstractii 221 high-le action ur Adams,) A-goals, alteratiot alteratior alternate Artificial
batgainin beliefs, 7' Black, J. Bower, Ñ Buchanat
Carbonell Charniak children, expecta goal, Ü coloring,
171, “commod competiti( 164 compromi 163, 1 conceptua condition; content ft crisis goal cross-cont cross-inde
Index
abandonment, 136 Abbott, V., 148
Abelson, R., 3, 4, 6, 24, 27, 29, 30, 32, 37, 40, 52, 65 , 80, 81, 91, 92, 99, 104, 120, 144, 173, 223 abstract scene types, 145 abstraction, 4, 8, 81, 149, 154, 161, 220,
221
high-level, 11 action units (AU), 198 Adams, N., .3 A-goals, 91
alteration of a specific expectation, 136 alteration scripts, 131, 132 alternative beliefs, 51, 53, 54, 56 Artificial Intelligence, 2, 22, 149, 225
bargaining, 187, 188, 189, 193, 194 beliefs, 79, 206 Black, J., 10, 82, 148 Bower, G., 3, 10, 11, 82, 223 Buchanan, B., 22
Carbonell, J , 4, 32 Charniak, E,, 112, 128 children, 80, 129, 225 expectation, 143 goal, 143
coloring, 13, 16, 86, 88, 95, 105, 108, 170, 171, 179
“commodity unavailable,” 119, 121 competition goal, 116, 119, 160, 161, 162, 164
compromise solution, 116, 119, 160, 162, 163, 167 conceptual dependency, 3, 135 conditional outcomes, 72 content fiame-search, 179 crisis goal, 121
cross-contextual reminding, 113 cross-indexing, 209
Crowder, R , 19 Cullingford, R., 2, .3, 6, 40 customer queueing, 89 CyFr, 217
CYRUS, 207, 215, 217
data base, 217, 218 data structures, 10 Davis, R , 22
DeJong, G , 2, 7, 128, 217 dictionary-based reminding, 25, 26, 27 discriminability, 210 Dyer, M , 2
dynamic memory, 1, 2, 4, 11, 14, 19, 21,
23, 196, 224, 225-dynamic memory structures, 23
episode, 20, 22, 2.3, 24, 25, 26, .32, .36,
.38, 39, 40, 43, 44, 65, 7.3, 90, 98, 108, 128, 151, 164, 181, 182, 187, 207, 208,
222
episodic memory, 19, 20, 21, 23, 25, 27, 39, 47, 64, 65, 177, 190, 197 Episodic Memory Organization Packets (E-MOP), 207, 208, 209, 210, 212, 213,
214, 215, 216, 218, 222 creation, 213 error-based failure, 54 error explanations, 54, 55, 56 evil intent, 68, 111, 121 expectation failure, 14, 28, 32, 45, 46, 48,
51, 52, 61, 62, 63, 89, 103, 108, 127, 1.31, 1.33, 134, 135, 1.36, 139, 140, 142,
146, 147, 155, 158, 16.3, 170, 171, 172,
17.3, 174, 175, 176, 186, 187, 189, 191,
192, 195, 224
expectation modification, 1.31, 1.32 scene-based, 147 expectational information, 68 expectations, 24, 26, 27, 29, 32, 33, 40, 52, 68, 76, 80, 102, 128, 129, 1.39, 146, 147
232
Index
expert, 22
expert system, 22, 225 expertise, 101, 108 explanation goal-based, 30 theme-based, 30
failure-driven memory, 37, 46, 60, 75 reminding, 46, 47, 66, 71, 75 failure-explanation, 62 Feigenbaum, E , 22 focus problem, 128, 130 frame-based system, 112 FRUMP, 7, 8, 105, 217, 225
general knowledge structures, 9 general structures, 9
generalization, 2, 4, 8, 10, 23, 31, 32, 36, 42, 44, 45, 46, 60, 62, 63, 81, 101, 105,
106, 120, 127, 128, 134, 140, 145, 148, 149, 152, 153, 154, 171, 194, 197, 198, 199, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 214,
215, 216, 218, 219, 222, 223 refinement, 214 generalized scenes, 168, 169, 170, 171 building, 167 goal, 25, 32, 34, 48, 52, 64, 65, 68, 69, 71, 72, 74, 92, 96, 98, 103, 105, 106, 113, 124, 125, 129, 133, 139, 157, 158, 159, 160, 187, 188 blockage, 32 collection, 147 competition, 32 directed behavior, 67 failure, 32 pursuit, 122 related, 33 replacement, 32 subsumption failures, 30, 31 tracking, 31, 32 goal-based analysis, 30 expectation, 147 physical scene, 147 processing, 30, 65 reminding, 30, 31, 32 Gordon, S , 3 Graesser, A , 3 Granger, R., 7, 46 Gruendel, K., 3, 80
Hendrix, G , 182 high level context, 68 goals, 98
knowledge source, 5
knowledge structures, 6, 8, 43, 48, 51,
52, 104, 128, 129
memory structures, 4, 14, 112, 122 structures, 4, 5, 16, 33, 43, 67, 80, 81 84, 85
imperialism, 111, 112 definition, 112 index generations, 178, 179 indexing, 22,28,31, 32, 35,42,46,66,71,73 79, 88, 105, 112, 114, 117, 133, 146,15l’ 158, 159, 162, 164, 165, 168, 170, 171 174, 175, 176, 180, 182, 189, 191, 194’ 199, 207,208,209,210,212,213,216,218 expectation failures, 131, 132 scripts, 88 initial generalization, 214 instrumental action, 86 goal, 86
Integrated Partial Parsing (IPP), 197, 198, 199, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206 intentional planning aids, 62 reminding, 63 intentional reminding, 34, 35, 116 intermediate-term memory, 12
Previous << 1 .. 99 100 101 102 103 104 < 105 > 106 >> Next