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Windows xp for dummies - Rahbone A.

Rahbone A. Windows xp for dummies - Hungry minds , 2001. - 430 p.
ISBN: 0-7645-0893-8
Download (direct link): microsoftwind2001.pdf
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A As you keep climbing farther out on a branch and more folders appear, you’re moving toward further levels of organization. If you climb back inward, you reach files and folders that have less in common.
A Yeah, this stuff is really confusing, but keep one thing in mind: Don’t be afraid to double-click, or even single-click, a folder just to see what happens. Clicking folders just changes your viewpoint; nothing dreadful happens, and no tax receipts fall onto the floor. You’re just opening and closing file cabinet drawers, harmlessly peeking into folders along the way.
A To climb farther out on the branches of folders, keep double-clicking new folders as they appear.
A How do you know which folders contain something and which are empty? You can’t. Sorry. Just click a folder and look inside. (Or you can use the Windows Explorer program, described in the “What’s That Windows Explorer Thing?” section near this chapter’s end.)
A Sometimes, a folder contains too many files or folders to fit in the window. To see more files, click that window’s scroll bars. What’s a scroll bar? Time to whip out your field guide, Chapter 5.
While mining deep into folders with My Computer, and not finding what you want, here’s a quick way to return to any of the folders you’ve plowed through: See the little downward-pointing black arrow next to the green Back arrow in the window’s top-left corner? Click there, and a list drops down to reveal the names of all the folders you’ve plowed through to reach your current folder. Click any of the listed folders, and
Chapter 11: That Scary My Computer Program 211
Windows XP immediately opens that folder. (Click the History option, by the way, to make Windows display all the Internet sites you’ve visited in the past few weeks.)
Using a Microsoft IntelliMouse, the kind with the little wheel embedded in the mouse’s neck? Point at a long list of files and folders in My Computer and spin the little wheel; the list moves up or down as you spin the wheel, letting you see some files and folders that were off-screen.
Can’t find a file or folder? Instead of rummaging through folders, check out the Search command that I describe in Chapter 7. It’s the fastest way to find files and folders that were “there just a moment ago.”
Loading a Program or File
A file is a collection of information on a disk. Files come in two basic types: program files and data files.
Program files contain instructions that tell the computer to do something: balance the national budget or dial up the Internet and display pictures of exotic monkeys.
Data files contain information created with a program, as opposed to computer instructions. If you write a letter to the grocer complaining about his soggy apricots, the letter is a data file.
To open either kind of file in Windows XP, double-click its name. Doubleclicking a program file’s name brings the program to life on the screen.
Double-clicking a data file tells Windows XP to load the file and the program that created it. Then Windows simultaneously brings both the file and the program to the screen.
A Depending on how your computer is configured, sometimes a single-click does the trick: Point at the file or program to highlight it and then click it to bring it to life. (If that doesn’t bring the file or program to life, try a double-click.)
Chapter 11: That Scary My Computer Program
A Windows XP sticks little icons next to filenames so that you know whether they’re program or data files. In fact, even folders get their own icons so that you won’t confuse them with files. Chapter 20, at the tail end of the book, provides a handy reference for figuring out which icon is which.
A Because of some bizarre New School of Computing mandate, any data file that Windows recognizes is called a document. A document doesn’t have to contain words; it can have pictures of worms or sounds of hungry animals.
Don't bother reading this hidden technical stuff
Sometimes, programs store information in a data file. They may need to store information about the way the computer is set up, for example. To keep people from thinking that those files are trash and deleting them, Windows hides those files.
You can view the names of these hidden files and folders, however, if you want to play voyeur. Open My Computer and choose Folder Options from the Tools menu. Select the View tab from
along the menu's top and click the Show Hidden Files and Folders button under the Hidden Files and Folders option.
Click the OK button, and the formerly hidden files appear alongside the other filenames. Be sure not to delete them, however: The programs that created them will gag, possibly damaging other files. In fact, please click the View tab's Restore Defaults button to hide that stuff again and return the settings to normal.
Deleting and Undeleting Files, Folders, and Icons
Sooner or later, you’ll want to delete a file that’s not important any-more—yesterday’s lottery picks, for example, or something you’ve stumbled across that’s too embarrassing to save any longer. But suddenly you realize that you’ve made a mistake and deleted the wrong file! Not to worry, the Windows XP Recycle Bin can probably resurrect that deleted file. The next two sections show how to delete a file and retrieve files you’ve deleted.
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