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Windows xp for dummies - Rahbone A.

Rahbone A. Windows xp for dummies - Hungry minds , 2001. - 430 p.
ISBN: 0-7645-0893-8
Download (direct link): microsoftwind2001.pdf
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Chapter 10: Your Desktop, Start Button, and Taskbar (And Programs)
Keeping your icons straight
Don't be confused by a program's icon on your desktop and a program's button on the taskbar along the bottom of your screen. They're two different things. The button at the bottom of the screen stands for a program that has already been loaded into the computer's memory. It's already running, ready for immediate action. The icon on your desktop or in Windows XP Explorer stands for a program that is sitting on the computer's hard disk waiting to be loaded.
If you mistakenly click the icon in Windows Explorer or on the desktop rather than the button
on the taskbar at the bottom of the screen, you load a second copy of that program. Two versions of the program are loaded: one running as a window, and the other running as a taskbar button waiting to be turned back into a window.
Running two versions of a program can cause confusion — especially if you start entering stuff into both versions of the same program. You won't know which window has the right version! Check out "The Way-Cool Taskbar," later in this chapter, for more taskbar information.
Uh, what's the difference between a shortcut and the actual program?
JfJ An icon for a file, folder, or program looks pretty much like a shortcut, 3^ except the shortcut has a little arrow wedged in its lower reaches. And double-clicking a shortcut and double-clicking an icon do pretty much the same thing: start a program or load a file or folder.
But a shortcut is only a servant of sorts. When you double-click the shortcut, it runs over to the program, file, or folder that the shortcut represents and kick-starts that program, file, or folder into action.
You could do the same thing yourself by rummaging through your computer’s folders, finding the program, file, or folder you’re after, and personally double-clicking its icon to bring it to life. But it’s often more convenient to create a shortcut so that you don’t have to rummage so much.
A If you delete a shortcut — the icon with the little arrow — you’re not doing any real harm. You’re just firing the servant that fetched things for you, probably creating more work for yourself in the process.
A If you accidentally delete a shortcut, you can pull it out of the Recycle Bin, just like anything else that’s deleted in Windows XP.
Chapter 10: Your Desktop, Start Button, and Taskbar (And Programs)
Figure 10-5:
Click Stand By to temporarily put the
computer to sleep, click Turn Off to turn off your computer, or click Restart to make Windows XP shut down and come back to life.
Shutting down Windows XP
Although the big argument used to be about saturated and unsaturated fats, today’s generation has found a new source of disagreement: Should a computer be left on all the time or turned off at the end of the day? Both camps have decent arguments, and there’s no real answer (except that you should always turn off your monitor when you won’t be using it for a half hour or so).
However, if you decide to turn off your computer, don’t just head for the off switch. First, tell Windows XP about your plans. To do that, click the Start button, choose the Turn Off Computer command, and ponder the choices Windows XP places on-screen, as shown in Figure 10-5:
Turn Off Computer
Stand By: Save your work before choosing this option; Windows XP doesn’t save your work automatically. Instead, it lets your computer doze for a bit to save power, but the computer wakes up at the touch of a button.
Turn Off: Clicking here tells Windows XP to put away all your programs and to make sure that you’ve saved all your important files. Then it turns off your computer and most of the newer monitors. Poof! Use this option when you’re done computing for the day. (If your monitor
Chapter 10: Your Desktop, Start Button, and Taskbar (And Programs)
doesn’t turn off automatically, you’ll have to push its power button yourself.)
Restart: Here, Windows saves your work and prepares your computer to be shut off. However, it then restarts your computer. Use this option when installing new software, changing settings, or trying to stop Windows XP from doing something awfully weird.
Hibernate: Only offered on some computers, this option works much like Shut Down. It saves your work and turns off your computer. However, when turned on again, your computer presents your desktop just as you left it: Open programs and windows appear in the same place. Putting your computer into hibernation mode is not as safe as shutting it down. (Don’t see the Hibernate feature? Hold down Shift, and it will replace the Standby button.)
A The Hibernate command takes all of your currently open information and writes it to the hard drive in one big chunk. Then, to recreate your desktop, it reads that big chunk and places it back on your desktop.
A Don’t ever turn off your computer unless you’ve chosen the Turn Off command from the Start button. Windows XP needs to prepare itself for the shutdown, or it may accidentally eat some of your important information — as well as the information of anybody else using the computer at the time.
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