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Windows xp for dummies - Rahbone A.

Rahbone A. Windows xp for dummies - Hungry minds , 2001. - 430 p.
ISBN: 0-7645-0893-8
Download (direct link): microsoftwind2001.pdf
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How Do I Create My Own Computer Network?
If you’re trying to set up a lot of computers — more than five or ten — you need a more advanced book: Networks are very scary stuff. But if you’re just trying to set up a handful of computers in your home or home office, this information may be all you need.
So without further blabbing, here’s a no-fat, step-by-step list of how to set up your own small and inexpensive network to work with Windows XP. The following sections show how to buy the three parts of a network — cables, cards, and a hub for connecting the cables. It explains how to install the parts and, finally, how to make Windows XP create a network out of your handiwork.
Buying a network's parts
Today, the fastest networks use 10BaseTcable. Some of today’s modern homes come prewired with 10BaseT network jacks in the wall, and people quickly find out what’s so weird about 10BaseT cable: It looks like plain old phone cable. To tell the difference, examine the ends of phone cable and 10BaseT cable. The 10BaseT cable has a larger connector on it. (The connector won’t fit into a phone, even if you try to force it.)
The 10BaseT cable is known by a wide variety of names, including 100BaseT, Ethernet RJ-45, TPE (Twisted Pair Ethernet), and 10BT. But
Chapter 9: Sharing It All on the Network
when looking for it at the store, just say you want the network cable that “looks like telephone cord instead of cable-TV cord.”
Next, you need network cards, one for each computer on the network. (Many new computers come with a network card preinstalled, so look in the back of the computer for the giveaway: something that looks like a huge phone jack.)
When you choose a card, keep these factors in mind:
A The card must be an Ethernet card with a 10BaseT connector.
A The card must fit into one of your computer’s unused slots.
A The card’s box should say that it’s Plug and Play and supports Windows XP. If the box doesn’t list Windows XP, then Windows 2000 is your next best bet.
Finally, you need a goody called a hub, where you plug in all the cables. Every computer needs to snake its cable to a single hub, as shown in Figure 9-8.
Without the hub, shown in Figure 9-9, the network won’t work right. (More complex networks can often link hubs, but I’m deliberately leaving the complicated stuff out of this book.)
Here’s the shopping list. Drop this onto the copy machine at the office and take it to the computer store.
A One 10BaseT-supporting Ethernet “Plug and Play” card for each computer on the network. (The 100 Mbps or Fast Ethernet cards are ten times as fast, but cost more money.) Make sure the cards are Windows XP or Windows 2000 compatible.
A One hub that has enough ports for each computer — plus some extra ports for a few computers that you may want to add at a later time.
A For every computer, buy one 10BaseT cable that’s long enough to reach from the computer to the hub.
Chapter 9: Sharing It All on the Network
Jeff's Computer
Figure 9-8:
10BaseT cabling looks like telephone wire and links computers to a central hub.
Del's Computer
Abe's Computer
Installing the network's parts
Here’s how to install your new network card. Windows XP should automatically recognize the card and embrace it gleefully.
1. Find your original Windows XP compact disc — you may need it.
2. Turn off and unplug all the computers on your soon-to-be network.
Turn them all off; unplug them as well.
3. Turn off all the computers’ peripherals — printers, monitors, modems, and so on.
Chapter 9: Sharing It All on the Network
Figure 9-9:
10BaseT users need to plug the cable from each of their computers into a central hub.
4. Insert the network cards into their appropriate slots.
Remove the computer’s case and push the card into the proper type of slot. Make double sure that you’re inserting the proper type of card into the proper type of slot — for example, inserting a PCI card into a PCI slot.
If a card doesn’t seem to fit into a slot, don’t force it. Different types of cards fit into different types of slots, and you may be trying to push the wrong type of card into the wrong type of slot.
5. Replace the computers’ cases and connect the network cables to the cards.
6. Connect the cables between the network cards and the hub.
Figure 9-9 shows an example of how the cables connect. You may need to route cables under carpets or around doorways. (Some hubs have power cords that need to be plugged into a wall outlet as well.)
Chapter 9: Sharing It All on the Network
7. Turn on the computers and their peripherals.
Turn on the computers and their monitors, printers, modems, and whatever else happens to be connected to them.
A If all goes well, Windows XP wakes up, notices its newly installed network card, and begins installing its appropriate software automatically. Hurrah! Or, if the network card came with an installation disk or CD, double-click the disk’s Setup file to install the card.
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