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Introduction to the Teradata® RDBMS for UNIX® Version 2 Release 2.1 - NCR

NCR Introduction to the Teradata® RDBMS for UNIX® Version 2 Release 2.1 - NCR, 1998. - 315 p.
Download (direct link): inntroduktionteradata1998.pdf
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CLI See Call-Level Interface.

Clique A logical group of nodes on the NCR System 5100M that shares access to disk storage. The vprocs on a failed node of a clique can migrate to other nodes within the clique during the recovery process, allowing uninterrupted use of the Teradata RDBMS.

cluster A collection of AMPs that handles the fallback data for a given AMP.

CNS See Console Subsystem.

COBOL Preprocessor A program that facilitates productive design, coding, and testing of user application programs written in COBOL that interact with the Teradata RDBMS.

column In the relational model of Teradata SQL, databases consist of one or more tables. In turn, each table consists of fields, organized into one or more columns by zero or more rows. All of the fields of a given column share the same attributes.

Console Subsystem (CNS) Software that is responsible for the I/O between the system console and the Teradata RDBMS. It acts as the interface between the Database Window (DBW) and the Teradata RDBMS and between the DBW and the DBW Startable Programs (it reads the RDBMS commands entered on the DBW).

database. In Teradata SQL, a related set of tables that share a common space allocation and owner.

Database Management System (DBMS) Computer procedures that permit the database to be maintained independently of application programs. A database management system provides services for data definition, data manipulation, and data integrity.

Database System See Teradata Database System.

Database Window (DBW) An application that is a high-level graphical user interface that acts as an interface between operator commands and the Teradata RDBMS.

data block See block.

data definition In Teradata SQL, the statements and facilities that manipulate (create, modify, and delete) database structures and the Data Dictionary information kept about these structures. Cf: data manipulation.

Introduction to the Teradata RDBMS for UNIX

Glossary-3
Glossary

Data Dictionary In the Teradata RDBMS, the information automatically maintained about all tables, views, macros, databases, and users known to the Teradata RDBMS system, including information about ownership, space allocation, accounting, and access right relationships between those objects. Data Dictionary information is updated automatically during the processing of Teradata SQL data definition statements, and is used by the Parser to obtain information needed to process all Teradata SQL statements.

data integrity The condition where accidental or intentional destruction, alteration, or loss of data does not occur.

data manipulation In Teradata SQL, the statements and facilities that change the information content of the database. These statements include SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE.

DBMS See Database Management System.

DBS See Teradata Database System.

DBS/SQL See Teradata SQL.

DBW See Database Window.

DBW startable program A database utility that can be started through a command entered on the Database Window. These commands are a subgroup of the Teradata RDBMS utility set.

deadlock In Teradata SQL, a condition in which two or more transactions are competing for locks on the same resources in such a way that none of the deadlocked transactions can make any progress without access to resources held by another transaction. The Teradata RDBMS detects deadlocks and resolves them by automatically aborting one or more of the transactions that is causing the deadlock condition.

delimiter In Teradata SQL, a punctuation mark or other special symbol that separates one clause in a Teradata SQL statement from another, or that separates one Teradata SQL statement from another.

diagnostic A program that exercises a hardware subsystem to verify that it is operating correctly, and if not, to provide information to assist the field engineer in isolating the failure to a field-replaceable unit.

disk Primary form of data storage. Multiple disks can be connected to a system.

Dispatcher A program that executes in the PE to coordinate the flow of processing by the Teradata RDBMS.

dump An operational function provided to create an archival copy, typically on tape, of a data base, part of a data base, or a collection of databases stored by the Teradata RDBMS. Cf: restore.

Glossary-4

Introduction to the Teradata RDBMS for UNIX
Glossary

E

dynamic A form of buffer or memory management that acquires buffers of varying sizes from the free space within the address space of a partition.

ECC See error correction.

end user An ordinary user of the Teradata RDBMS, as opposed to a supervisory user or an administrator. An end user cannot create a subordinate user or database, except within the end user’s space.

error correction Logic that uses additional memory bits to correct errors when one or more bits of main or secondary storage become unreliable. Error correction logic improves the reliability of the system and the integrity of stored data.
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