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Digital photography just the steps for dummies - Jones F.

Jones F. Digital photography just the steps for dummies - Wiley publishing , 2005. - 240 p.
ISBN: 0-7645-7477-9
Download (direct link): digitalphotographyjust2005.pdf
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Chapter 3: Snapping Digital Pictures
Shoot Scenic Nature
1. Decide whether your composition works better as a landscape, subject photo, or close-up and follow the composition rules for that particular type of photo.
Flower photos are the most popular outdoor close-ups. If you're shooting flowers, choose the best and most interesting blossoms. Beautiful flowers make beautiful photos.
2. Pay attention to the background of your primary subject. Avoid excessive leaves, your feet, or other distracting elements, as shown in Figure 3-21.
If you're allowed, using a pair of clippers judiciously can improve a composition.
3. Use diffuse lighting to the greatest possible extent.
If the daylight alone is not adequate, or if you have unwanted shadows, have a friend focus a reflector of white cardboard or foam core on the subject, as 1 ' r' 3-22. If you need sharper light
to accent shadows, cover the cardboard with aluminum foil for a budget reflector. Also available are small, wireless slave flash units that will fire at the same moment the camera's built-in unit flashes. Professionals use these too!
4. Ensure that the background is uniform and doesn't dis tract from the subject.
If you need a background to accent or isolate a particular object or blossom, have someone hold a neutral color poster board behind the subject while you frame the shot.
Figure 3-21: The background of this photo is simplified to set off the subject
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Figure 3-22: Using a homemade reflector to provide diffuse lighting
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Shoot Scenic Nature
5. Pay attention to depth of field (that is, the size of the area that appears with acceptible sharpness in your framed subject).
#You can increase the depth of field on automatic cameras by increas-the subject. The automatic camera decreases the aperture opening accordingly.
6. Frame the subject.
_^ When framing a shot, consider shooting from below. A flower //fpfffcs against the sky can be a dramatic image.
7. Check the focus. If you're using autofocus, prefocus the shot by holding the shutter release button halfway down for a second to allow autofocus to work, and then take advantage of focus lock to reframe the subject. Use manual focus if possible.
#When shooting a group of flowers or objects, focus on one or two key subjects and let some be out of focus to form a background or texture for the composition.
8. Shoot close-ups of petals or leaves and create an abstract image, as shown in Figure 3-23.
Shoot a series of ultra-close-ups and create a set of framed abstract images for your home. Choose deep and lush mattes to surround the images. Try enhancing the images with Photoshop effects to accent the textures or shapes, as shown in Figure 3-24.
9. Bracket your shot by choosing the -2, 0, and +2 exposure value (EV) settings, if your camera is so equipped.
The world is composed of an infinite number of images. Go find and (ufffTsf, tame them or at least, record them with your digital camera. It
uv7// will open your eyes, mind, and heart!
Figure 3-23: An ultra close-up shot of a flower
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Figure 3-24: The watercolor effect changes a close-up into abstract art to grace your walls
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Chapter 3: Snapping Digital Pictures
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Viewing and Transferring Images
ne of the neat things about digital cameras is that after you buy a mem-\r ory card, you can use it over and over again. It's like a magic roll of film that's ready to pop back in your camera right after you develop it.
Of course, in order to reuse the memory card, you first need to do something with the last group of images you stored on it. You can delete unwanted images, and you can transfer images that you want to keep to a more permanent location, such as your hard drive, a CD-R, or DVD. Instead of hooking up your camera to a computer every time you want to transfer images to your hard drive, you can also purchase and use a memory card reader. Just leave the card reader attached to a USB port or USB hub, remove the memory card from the camera, and insert it into the card reader slot when you're ready to transfer your photos.
Every camera is a bit different in exactly what hoops you need to jump through to move or delete your images, but I can give you the general gist of what you have to do enough so that you can fake it if you don't have access to your owner's manual. On the other hand, the camera owner's manual provides the exact steps to take for your particular camera, so keep it in a drawer somewhere.
This chapter gives you the instructions you need to
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