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Digital photography just the steps for dummies - Jones F.

Jones F. Digital photography just the steps for dummies - Wiley publishing , 2005. - 240 p.
ISBN: 0-7645-7477-9
Download (direct link): digitalphotographyjust2005.pdf
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36
Figure 3-1: A crowd scene has no particular focus of interest
Figure 3-2: If you point to the center 'find that everything of interest is off-center
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Compose Your Photograph
4. Look through the camera's viewfinder or look at the
LCD screen to compose your photograph. Keep the following general composition rules in mind:
Aim for the eyes. When you're taking pictures of people, shooting at the subject's eye level is usually best, even if you must stoop down or climb up to do so.
Avoid bull's-eyes. Pictures are much more interesting and dramatic if the main point of interest is offcenter, as shown in Figure 3-3.
Avoid the center horizon line. In landscapes, angle the camera so the horizon line is not in the center of the picture. A horizon above center makes the scene appear close. A horizon below center emphasizes the sky or the distance.
Use leading lines to create movement and establish mood. See Figure 3-4. Fences, roads, lines of trees, railroad tracks, and even lines of people can lead the viewer's eye toward the point of interest.
Establish scale in a photograph, such as a landscape, by including a person or object in the foreground. Frame a scene by including a visible doorway or gate, or show overhanging branches at the edge of the scene to create depth and drama.
Get in close. The most common mistake of beginning photographers is failing to get close to the subject.
Fill the frame. Make sure that the most important object or person, the one that you are taking the picture of, is the most prominent in the frame.
Figure 3-3: The subject is on the right one-third line in the rule of thirds
Figure 3-4: Leading lines add focus and drama 37
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Chapter 3: Snapping Digital Pictures
Frame a Stationary Subject
1. Frame a stationary shot by pointing your camera at
a subject and looking through the viewfinder. (You can also use the LCD viewer.)
2. Locate the marks around the edge of the frame in the viewfinder, indicating exactly what part of the image is in the picture (what the camera lens sees differs a little from what the viewfinder sees). If you see a second set of frame lines, they are for closeup photos.
The problem of the wandering image is called parallax, and it's most noticeable when you take a close-up. The viewfinder of most digital cameras is placed above or on the side of the lens. The image in the viewfinder does not always accurately reflect the actual image you're capturing. The inner frame marks compensate for closeup photography. Try some test shots and adjust the viewfinder to compensate for the slight shift. Doing so assures that the picture you take is the one you want. The LCD screen reflects the actual image being captured.
3. Shift the camera position until the subject appears within the framing marks.
4. Pause and make sure that the image is in focus and that the lighting is appropriate.
5. Snap the picture and review it to make sure the subject is completely in the picture.
If the image is badly positioned, as shown in Figure 3-5, delete the picture from memory. Then shift the subject's position in the viewfinder by moving the camera or by moving your own position and try again until you get a well-placed image, as shown in Figure 3-6.
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Figure 3-5: A poorly framed subject
Figure 3-6: A well-framed subject
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Focus the Camera
Focus the Camera
1. Most digital cameras have autofocusing. And a few are fixed focus models, which can't be adjusted but are prefocused for subjects at distances from about five feet to infinity. Other cameras have manual focus settings, which usually are for infinity, mid-distance, and closeup. The mid-distance setting is safe for most picture taking.
In lieu of a mid-distance setting, your camera may offer a /feftss. Landscape setting.
2. Choose the subject of the photo. The mid-distance setting is effective for shots such as a street sculpture, a house, or a field with horses.
#If your camera has a manual focus feature, then you can use it to manually set the focus. Select the Manual Focus feature according to your camera's instruction manual.
3. Take your picture and review it for focus. If the main part of the image is fuzzy, as shown in Figure 3-7, the subject is either too far or too near for the mid-distance setting.
4. To adjust the focus, change your position relative to the subject as necessary until what you want to take a picture of is in focus, as seen in Figure 3-8.
#Most manual focus camera lenses focus either by rotating a focus ring on the lens or moving the lens tube in or out. Use the proper method to focus the camera. For another way to outwit autofocus, see the next task.
5. Take your shot.
Figure 3-7: The subject is too far away to be in focus
Figure 3-8: Moving in brings the subject into focus
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