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Digital photography just the steps for dummies - Jones F.

Jones F. Digital photography just the steps for dummies - Wiley publishing , 2005. - 240 p.
ISBN: 0-7645-7477-9
Download (direct link): digitalphotographyjust2005.pdf
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Use Attachment Lenses
1. Select attachment lenses to meet your needs.
The normal zoom lenses that come with digital cameras have limitations. Inexpensive consumer cameras leave you nothing to do about this but to upgrade to a better camera. More expensive cameras allow you to use lens extenders or to exchange lenses to expand the limits, as ' 2-14.
The types of attachment lenses are
Wide angle lenses: These attachments change the "normal" focal length lenses into wide angle lenses. These are not true wide angle lenses, but expand the width perspective of digital cameras.
When using a wide angle extender, make sure that you set the normal zoom to the widest setting to maximize the effect.
Telephoto lenses: These change "normal" lenses into telephoto lenses. They function as telephoto lens adapters. They narrow the frame of the lens and bring distant objects closer.
When you use telephoto adapters, set the normal zoom lens to the 3iv\ longest setting to maximize the telephoto effect.
Close-up lenses: These enable macro or superclose-up shots. They screw on the front of cameras with lens extension features. In many cases multiple adapters can be ganged to adjust the macro capacity of the camera.
2. Attach the lens extender to the normal lens, as shown in Figure 2-15, and shoot photos normally.
Figure 2-14: Typical add-on lenses
Figure 2-15: A lens attached to a camera
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Chapter 2: Setting Up and Using the Camera
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Snapping Digital Pictures
igital cameras have some distinct advantages over traditional film cam-?^eras. They're easy to use, most of their functions are automatic, and you can instantly review the images. Most spectacular, however, is the mere fact that they're digital they store their images on solid-state memory cards. Therefore, you don't have to buy, load, or unload film (risking exposure and ruination), and you can take many pictures before you have to change memory cards. Having the ability to instantly review images on your digital camera helps you learn from your mistakes. You can delete unsuccessful images, making room for new and better ones. Thus, you can afford to take shots from different angles and use a variety of settings in order to ensure that at least one of your shots is splendid.
Photographs range from snapshots recording an event or scene (possibly of little or no interest to anyone except you) to great shots with visual and emotional punch. Portraits can be the kind the subject wants burned or buried in the bottom of a box, or they can capture personality and reveal character. The rules for taking good photographs are the same for digital camera pictures as they are for pictures taken with film cameras. Good, effective lighting, careful composition, and attention to detail are all elements in taking pictures that are not just good, but great. This chapter shows you how to compose winning photos and use your camera effectively.
Get ready to . . .
"* Compose Your Photograph......................36
"* Frame a Stationary Subject...................38
"* Focus the Camera.............................39
"* Move the Subject Out of the Center with Focus Lock..............................40
"* Shoot in Poor Illumination...................41
"* Shoot a Portrait Indoors.....................42
"* Shoot a Portrait Outdoors....................43
"* Snap a Landscape Picture.....................44
"* Photograph Pets and Animals..................45
"* Shoot Scenic Nature..........................46
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Chapter 3: Snapping Digital Pictures
Compose Your Photograph
1. Decide on your main point of interest and try to frame your picture to eliminate elements that may distract from your subject (unless the picture is of a general landscape or crowd scene where everything is part of the subject, as shown in Figure 3-1).
Signs, extra people, trash, or bright colors are especially distracting elements that you should try to eliminate. In essence, your photo is a mini-story make sure the story you're telling comes through to the viewer. Edit as you shoot!
2. Hold the camera to take best advantage of the subject:
Horizontal subject: If you're shooting a horizontal subject such as a landscape, group of people, and so on, hold the camera horizontally.
Vertical subject: If you're shooting a tall tree or building, the picture is much more dramatic if you turn the camera so that it's vertical.
3. Adjust the picture's composition by shifting the camera from side to side or up or down. Don't hesitate to stand on something to get a higher shot or squat down to get a lower one. Just don't do anything dangerous!
Change your position and viewpoint so that your picture follows the rule of thirds. Imagine a tick-tack-toe grid superimposed over your picture frame. Make sure that your main point of interest is not in the center square, but rather is placed at one of the intersections of the grid as 1 ' r' 3-2.
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