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Digital photography just the steps for dummies - Jones F.

Jones F. Digital photography just the steps for dummies - Wiley publishing , 2005. - 240 p.
ISBN: 0-7645-7477-9
Download (direct link): digitalphotographyjust2005.pdf
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3. Using the camera's menu, set the time and date of your camera.
4. Set compression settings to meet your needs. Most cameras have three or more settings:
• Best: Uses the least possible compression for the best possible image quality. Requires more memory to store each image.
• Standard: Splits the difference between image size and quality.
• Economy: Highest amount of compression results in more noise in the image but allows for storage of more pictures.
5. Set resolution settings to meet your immediate needs.
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Figure 2-1: Typical memory and battery
Figure 2-2: Installing a battery and memory
Point and Shoot in Auto Mode
• 5 megapixels: Images are 5MB in size, and a 128MB memory card stores 56 images.
• 3 megapixels: Images are 2MB, and a 128MB memory card stores 93 images.
• 1.2 megapixels: Images are less than 1MB, and a 128MB memory card stores 174 images.
• 800x600: Images are 250 KB, and a 128MB memory card stores 602 images.
Most camera manuals provide a detailed memory usage chart for every configuration of compression and resolution. Refer to the chart in planning what storage capacity memory cards to buy, and for planning the number of memory cards to take with you. Check out Chapter 1 to help make your decision.
6. Take your first photos with your new camera.
Point and Shoot in Auto Mode
1. Set the Mode dial (or buttons) on your camera to the Auto mode, as shown in Figure 2-4.
In Auto mode, the camera automatically focuses, adjusts the speed and aperture, and turns the flash on or off depending on the light conditions. This mode is the true "point and shoot" setting. Using preset modes can save time and be a salvation for the beginning photographer.
2. Compose your shot in the viewfinder or by looking at the LED screen.
3. Press the shutter button down halfway to allow the camera to adjust. The camera provides an audible signal that it has adjusted to take your picture.
4. Press the button down fully to take your photo.
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Chapter 2: Setting Up and Using the Camera
Zoom In on an Object
1. Activate the zoom button or lever on your camera to zoom in or out to change your optical zoom level. The quality of the photo is identical whether the lens is zoomed or not when you use optical zoom. Figures 2-5 and 2-6 show a shot before and after using optical zoom.
2. If you want to zoom further using digital zoom, turn the digital zoom feature on in your camera's setup menu.
Most cameras that support both optical and digital zoom first zoom as far as they can optically, as indicated by a message in the viewfinder or on the LED screen. When the extent of the zoom has reached optically, the message indicates the digital zoom is taking effect and continues to zoom beyond the optical limits.
Adjust Brightness in Program Mode
1. Set the mode dial (or buttons) on your camera to the Program mode.
In Program mode, your camera adjusts both the shutter speed and aperture based on the brightness of the key object in the viewfinder.
The white balance, light meter, and exposure compensation is generally adjustable. See your user manual for instructions on adjusting these settings for your particular camera.
2. Compose your shot in the viewfinder or by looking at the LED screen.
3. Press the shutter button down halfway to allow the camera to adjust. The camera provides an audible or visible signal that it's ready to take your picture.
4. Press the button down fully to take your photo.
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Figure 2-5: A shot with lens zoomed out
Figure 2-6: The same shot with lens zoomed in
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Stop Action Using Automatic Settings
Snap a Portrait Using Automatic Settings
1. Set the mode dial or buttons on your camera to the Portrait mode.
In Portrait mode, your camera automatically adjusts the shutter speed and aperture setting to make people stand out and to keep the background in focus. In addition, cameras equipped with a red-eye reducing flash employ that setting in Portrait mode.
2. Compose your shot in the viewfinder or using the LED screen.
3. Press the shutter button down halfway to allow the camera to adjust.
4. Press the button down fully to take your photo. Figure 2-7 shows a portrait taken in this fashion.
Stop Action Using Automatic Settings
1. Set the mode dial or buttons on your camera to the Sport mode.
In Sport mode, your camera automatically adjusts the shutter speed and Aperture setting to work best with fast-moving subjects and the prevailing light conditions.
2. Compose your shot in the viewfinder or using the LED screen.
3. Press the shutter button down halfway to allow the camera to adjust.
4. Press the button down fully to take your photo. Figure
2-8 shows a stop-action photo.
Figure 2-7: A portrait
Figure 2-8: A sports action photo
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