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the semantic web a gide to the future of XML, Web Services and Knowledge Management - Daconta M,C.

Daconta M,C. the semantic web a gide to the future of XML, Web Services and Knowledge Management - Wiley publishing , 2003. - 304 p.
ISBN 0-471-43257-1
Download (direct link): thesemanticwebguideto2003.pdf
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statement elements, RDF, 89 statements as graphs, 177 import, 220 include, 220 in RDF, 177 stovepipe systems, 5 strategies, for knowledge-centric organizations, 252-254
string data type, 40 strings, defined, 39 striped syntax, 99 strong semantics, 157 structure, ontologies, 193-195 structured programming languages, 226 style elements, 47 style sheets
browsers using, example of, 125 example of, 122-124 importance of, 124 interoperability and, 124 MVC (Model-View-Controller) paradigm, 122 overview, 121 XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Language), 121 XSLFO (Extensible Stylesheet Language: Formatting Objects), 121 XSLT (Extensible Style Language Transformation), 49, 60, 121 subclasses DOM as tree of, 47 taxonomies, 149 subject descriptors, Topic Maps, 174-175 subject elements, RDF, 88 subjectIndicatorRef construct, 171 support, automated inference, 247 SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics),
49,130, 141-143 SWWS (Semantic Web Enabled Web Services), 84 syndication, 50 synonyms, 161
278
Index
synsets, defined, 162 syntactic symbols, semantic interpretation, 193 syntax ontologies, 192-193 striped, 99
T
TAG (Technical Architecture Group), 130 tags <body>,137 <course>, 131 defined, 33 empty, 34 end, 34
<extendedlink>, 131 <fallback>, 133 <head>, 137 <html>, 135 image, 34, 36 <include>, 133-134 <label>, 137 <li>, 135 <loc>, 131 <model>, 137 start, 34 taxonomies aggregation, 149 classification, 146 defined, 145-146 Dewey Decimal System, 152-154 directory-subdirectory example, 158 documents with mixed vocabularies and, 3 example of, 147
generalization/specialization, 146 hierarchies, 146 is superclassification of relation, 146 Linnaean classification of humans example, 148 nodes, defined, 146 semantic mapping and, 155 structure of, 150 subclasses, 149
UNSPSC electronic commerce, 150,152 uses for, 151-152 Technical Architecture Group (TAG), 130 technologies, learning current,
250-252 terms, defined, 162 TeX, 32
text, plaintext, 28 Text class, 45
text to database stage, smart data continuum, 3 thesaurus antecedent, 164
associative relationships, 159-160 backward-chaining, 165 concepts, 162 defined, 159
equivalence relationships,
159-160 forward-chaining, 165 hierarchical relationships,
159-160 homographic relationships, 159-160 hypernyms, 161
Index
279
hyponyms, 161 ontologies versus, 208-212 polysemy, 161 semantic relations of, 160 synonyms, 161 synsets, 162 terms, 162 word senses, 161 WordNet, 161-162 time data type, 40 tokens, defined, 44 Topic Map Constraint Language (TMCL), 168 Topic Map Query Language (TMQL), 168 Topic Maps (TM) associations, 173-174 base names, 171 defined, 168 display names, 172 example of, 170 multiple, 167 occurrences, 172-173 published subject indicators, 175 published subjects, 169 RDF (Resource Description Framework) versus, 176-179 resourceData construct, 172 resourceRef construct, 171 resources, 171 scope concepts, 175-176 sort names, 172 standards, 168-169 subject descriptors, 174-175 subjectIndicatorRef construct, 171 topic concepts, 170-172 topicRef constructs, 173
transitive properties, 10 TreeWalker method, 47 triangle of meaning, 209-210 triple-based model, RDF, 89-92 triples defined, 177
equivalent notions of, 176 trust relationships, 11-12 truth values, 199 type inheritance, 42 typed literals, 109 types. See data types
U
UDDI (Universal Description, Discovery, and Integration), 58, 69-70, 155 undirected graphs, 194 Unicode characters, 6, 104 Unified Modeling Language (UML), 10, 104, 156, 217 Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs), 6, 43, 104 Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), 44, 85 Uniform Resource Names (URNs), 44 Universal Description, Discovery, and Integration (UDDI), 58, 69-70, 155 universal quantifier, 229 Universal Standard Products and Services Classification (UNSPSC), 150, 152 upper ontologies, 230-231 URIs (Uniform Resource Identifiers), 6, 43, 104
280
Index
URLs (Uniform Resource Locators), 44, 85 URNs (Uniform Resource Names), 44
V
valid conformance, XML specification, 36-37 validation integrity, 79 nonrepudiation, 79 problems, resolving, 103 schemas and, 38 tool support, improvements to, 41-42 values, properties, 177 video games, data fidelity evolution in, 53 Virtual Knowledge Base (VKB), 20
W
weak semantics, 157 web of trust, 11
Web Ontology Language (OWL), 157, 181, 191, 234-235 Web service choreography, 72 Web Service Definition Language (WSDL), 68 Web services defined, 57-58 discussed, 245-247 example of, 73-75 future of, 63-64 grid-enabled, 82-83 layers of, 59
MVC (Model-View-Controller) paradigm, 60-61, 122 orchestration, 72-76
organizational strategies for, 252 reasons for using, 61-63 Semantic Web and, 7, 83-84 uses of, 64-65 Web Services Flow Language (WSFL), 75-76 Web sites Dublin Core, 86 Globus Project, 83 JXTA project, 51 OntoEdit, 230 Programmer's Paradise, 97 Semantic Web, 7 well-formed conformance, XML specification, 36-37 word senses, 161 WordNet thesaurus, 161-162 words, construction rules for, 198 Working Group, 103 World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), 4 WSDL (Web Service Definition Language), 68 WSFL (Web Services Flow Language), 75-76 WS-Policy, 81
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