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Autocad for dummies - Byrnes D.

Byrnes D. Autocad for dummies - Wiley publishing, 2007. - 435 p.
Download (direct link): autocad2006.pdf
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Donuts, plain and jelly-filled.
changed stuff easily. A common drafting convention in many industries is to call attention to revised items by drawing free-form clouds around them. The REVCLOUD command makes quick work of drawing such clouds.
Drawing revision clouds is easy, after you understand that you click with the mouse only once in the drawing area. That one click defines the starting point for the cloud’s perimeter. After that, you simply move the cursor around, and the cloud takes shape. When you return to near the point that you clicked in the beginning, AutoCAD automatically closes the cloud.
The following command line example shows you how to draw a revision cloud. Figure 6-11 shows what revision clouds look like.
Minimum arc length: 0.5000 Maximum arc length: 0.5000 Style: Normal
Specify start point or [Arc length/Object/Style] <Object>: pick a point along the perimeter of your future cloud
Guide crosshairs along cloud path... sweep the cursor around to define the cloud's perimeter
You don’t need to click again. Simply move the cursor around without clicking. AutoCAD draws the next lobe of the cloud when your cursor reaches the Minimum arc length distance from the end of the previous lobe.
Continue moving the cursor around until you return to the point where you clicked first.
Revision cloud finished.
Here are a few tips for using revision clouds:
Ii^ It’s a good idea to put revision clouds on their own layer so that you can choose to plot with or without the clouds visible.
156 Part II: Let There Be Lines
You’ll probably find it easier to control the shape of revision clouds if you turn off ortho mode before you start the command.
You may need to add a triangle and number, as shown in Figure 6-11, to indicate the revision number. A block with an attribute is a good way to handle this requirement: Chapter 14 covers blocks and attributes.
If the revision cloud’s lobes are too small or too large, erase the cloud, restart the REVCLOUD command, and use the command’s Arc Length option to change the minimum and maximum arc lengths. The default minimum and maximum lengths are 0.5 (or 15 in metric drawings) multiplied by the DIM-SCALE (DIMension SCALE) system variable setting. If you make the minimum and maximum lengths equal (which is the default), the lobes will be approximately equal in size. If you make them unequal, there will be more variation in lobe size — you’ll get “fluffier” clouds. Fortunately, all of these options are more than most nonmeteorologists will need. If you’ve set DIMSCALE properly during your drawing setup procedure (see Chapter 4), REVCLOUD should do a pretty good job of guessing reasonable default arc lengths.
Figure 6-11:
Cloud cover.
О r\
Min. arc length = 0.5 Min. arc length = 0.5 Min. arc length =1.0
Max. arc length = 0.5 Max. arc length * 1.0 Max. arc length = 1.0
Scoring Points
We thought about not covering points in this book, but we didn’t want you complaining that AutoCAD 2007 For Dummies is pointless.
The word point describes two different things in AutoCAD:
A location in the drawing that you specify (by typing coordinates or clicking with the mouse)
^ An object that you draw with the POINT (PO) command
Chapter 6: Where to Draw the Line
Figure 6-12:
The Point Style dialog box controls the way point objects appear onscreen.
Throughout this chapter and most of the book, we tell you to specify points — that’s the location meaning. This section tells you how to draw point objects.
A point object in AutoCAD can serve two purposes:
Points often identify specific locations in your drawing to other people who look at the drawing. A point can be something that displays on the screen, either as a tiny dot or as another symbol, such as a cross with a circle around it.
^ You can use points as precise object snap locations. Think of them as construction points. For example, when you’re laying out a new building, you might draw point objects at some of the engineering survey points and then snap to those points as you sketch the building’s shape with the polyline command. You use the NODe object snap mode to snap to AutoCAD point objects. In this guise, points usually are for your use in drawing and editing precisely. Other people who view the drawing probably won’t even be aware that the point objects are there.
What makes AutoCAD point objects complicated is their almost limitless range of display options, provided to accommodate the two different kinds of purposes just described (and possibly some others that we haven’t figured out yet). You use the Point Style dialog box, shown in Figure 6-12, to specify how points should look in the current drawing.
DDPTYPE is the command that opens the Point Style dialog box. You can access it from the menus by choosing FormatOPoint Style. The top portion of the dialog box shows the available point display styles. Most of the choices do pretty much the same thing. Just click one of the squares that says “hey, that’s a point!” to you.
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