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CYTOKINES: INTERLEUKINS AND TUMOUR NECROSIS FACTOR 253
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Chapter 6 Haemopoietic growth factors
Blood consists of red and white cells which, along with platelets, are all suspended in plasma. All peripheral blood cells are derived from a single cell type: the stem cell (also known as a pluripotential, pluripotent or haemopoietic stem cell). These stem cells reside in the bone marrow, alongside additional cell types, including (marrow) stromal cells. Pluripotential stem cells have the capacity to undergo prolonged or indefinite self-renewal. They also have the potential to differentiate, thereby yielding the range of cells normally found in blood (Table 6.1). This process, by which a fraction of stem cells are continually deciding to differentiate (thus continually producing new blood cells and platelets to replace aged cells), is known as haemopoiesis.