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Analitical techniques in combinatorial chemistry - Swarth M.E.

Swarth M.E. Analitical techniques in combinatorial chemistry - Marcel Dekker, 2000. - 311 p.
ISBN 0-8247-1939-5
Download (direct link): analyticaltechniquesincombinatorialchemistry2000.pdf
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NMR Methods
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5
The Role of Liquid Chromatography
Michael E. Swartz
Waters Corporation Milford, Massachusetts
I. INTRODUCTION
Chromatography alone, or in combination with other analytical techniques, has been used for a number of years in the drug discovery process in support of traditional organic synthesis for compound identification, compound purity and stability determinations, from lead discovery to final lead optimization, testing, and candidate selection. However, in response to increasing demands in the pharmaceutical industry to accelerate the drug discovery process and identify lead compounds in increasing numbers, new avenues of approach, such as combinatorial chemistry, must be investigated.
Combinatorial chemistry synthesis techniques have presented new challenges to the analytical chemist. During lead discovery, libraries of large numbers of compounds, numbering from 10-20, to hundreds, thousands, ten of thousands, or even millions of compounds are generated. Therefore, due to the sheer numbers of compounds, assays must be rapid, as well as capable of determining quantity, purity, and whether or not the proper compound was synthesized. Further along the drug discovery path, during lead optimization and testing leading to candidate selection, compounds are required in larger quantities. Analytical techniques used in lead discovery now give way to preparative, mass-directed autopurification techniques, capable of isolating and purifying 10-20 mg of the compound of interest during a single chromatographic analysis. Furthermore, all of the assays, from the analytical to prepara-
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tive scale, must be accessible to everyone in the drug discovery process, in what has become to be known as an ‘‘open access’’ environment. In response to these challenges, chromatographers have had to rethink their strategy in order to provide timely and complete information and feedback.
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