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Supercritical fluid cleaning - McHardy J.

McHardy J., Sawan P.S. Supercritical fluid cleaning - Noyes publications, 1998. - 304 p.
Download (direct link): spercrificalfluidcleaning1998.pdf
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Assembled components 169 Assemblies cleaning 211 Assembly of parts 48 Attractive force 77 Autoclave 232, 234 Automatic control system 254
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Batch reactor 275 Benzenes 16, 170, 172 Benzoic acid 27, 172 “Berty” autoclave 232 Berty reactor 242
Beryllium 196, 197 Bicontinuous structure 93 Bimicellar core exchange rates 115 Binary phase diagrams 8 Biomolecules 98 Blasius formula 240 Blind-holes 52 Blowing aids 123 Boiling point 7
Borosilicate glass 170, 171, 172 Boundary layer 31, 71, 73, 74, 274 thickness 32, 82 Boyle’s law 5 Bridges 43 Brittle plastic 151 Bromofluoroethylene 197 Bubble formation 123, 134, 143 Bubbles 125, 158 Bulk carbon dioxide 259 Bulk cleaning 163 Bulk flow 31 Bulk removal 213 Butadiene moieties 157
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CAB 130, 138, 155 Cable 167, 168 Capillary forces 38 Capital costs 112, 251 Carbon dioxide 4, 13, 14, 16, 80, 268 high pressure 124 kinematic viscosity 73 Carbon dioxide uptake 139, 146, 147 Carbon regeneration 108 Carbon tetrachloride 195 Carbonic acid 254 Cast magnesium 172 Cast metals 167 Cationic surfactants 91, 98 Ceramic materials 198 CFC-113 196, 197
CFCs 122, 124, 163, 195 Channeling effects 277 Characteristic length 238 Chase-off 53 Checklist 46 Chemical similarity 230
Chemical stability 196 Chemisorption 33 Chilled water 258 Chiller 204 Chlorinated solvents 38 Chlorocarbons 163 Chlorofluorocarbons 2, 19, 22, 121, 163, 195, 199 Cholesterol 166 Circuit boards 107 Circulation 255, 275 Class I substance 196 Class Ï substance 196 Clean Air Act of 1990 196
Cleanable 48 Cleaning 122, 268 applications 163 characteristics 84 efficiency 168, 214, 235 experiments 81 methods 23 microemulsions 90 model 28 process 109 result 34 solvent 22, 124 wafers 71 Cleaning systems 201 types 248 Closed vessel 7 Clusters 90 CMC 93
COj-based microemulsions 104 C02-philic 106 Coal 16
Cohesive energy density 270
Colburn factor 241
Collision rate 115
Compressibility factor 10
Computer control system 254
Condensation 255, 278
Constant pressure 7
Constant stirred tank reactor 275
Constant volume 7
Construction materials 124
Consumables 263
Contaminant solubility 36
Contaminants 163, 164, 165, 198, 233
Contamination 47 dried-on 43 human-based 166 incident 49 Contamination control 43 Continuous phase solvent 91, 103 Continuous-stirred tank reactor 224 Control module 254 Control system 254 Coolants
waterbased biostatic 41 water-soluble 41 Cooling effect 255 Copper 197
Copper sheet 170, 171, 172 Core exchange 115 Corresponding times 228 Corrosive vapors 53 Cosolvent 27, 89, 248 Cosolvent processing module 249 Cost of ownership 260, 263, 265 model 246, 263 Costs 245, 251, 259, 263, 265 of carbon dioxide 200 Cotyl palmitate 166 Coulombic forces 100 Cracks 216
Cracks and crevices 207, 215
Cresols 171
Crevices 199
Critical constants 5
Critical micelle concentration 93
Critical phenomenon 1
Critical point 2, 81, 267
Critical pressure 8
Critical temperature 8, 16, 80, 111
Cross-contamination 211
Crystalline materials 134, 139
Crystallinity 149, 152, 155
CSTR 224, 275
Cube
test 207 Cutting fluids 40, 168 water-soluble 41 Cyclohexane 16, 200
D
Damping fluid 197, 199, 206, 208, 210, 212, 213
DDT (2,2-trichloroethane) 108 Decaffeination 112 Decompression 130, 155 Deformation 79, 130 Delrin™ 209
Density 8, 9, 10, 80, 101, 196 Density changes 81 Density of carbon dioxide 80 Density-dependent 235 Designing parts for cleanability 49 DFC 47 DFM 47 DFM rules 48 Didodecyldimethyl ammonium bromide 98, 115 Dielectric fluids 199 Dielectric properties 77 Diesel 169
Diffusion characteristics of SCF 32 Diffusion coefficient 9, 30, 113 Diffusion-controlled behavior 137 Diffusivity 19, 198, 273, 274 Diglycerol 166 Dilution theory 256 Dimensional factors 223 Dimensional similitude 221 Dimensionless variables 224, 225 Direct system 248 Dissipation 75 Dissolution 141
of carbon dioxide 134, 137 polymer 125, 126 process 23 DLS 103 Drag force 73 Drag on a particle 70 Droplet size 98 Droplets 91, 97, 103 Dry ice 14 Drying 53, 277, 278 Drying agent 80 DSC 143
Dual-cycle process 263, 265 Dual-cycle system 248 Dyestuffs 108 Dynamic light scattering 103 Dynamic similarity 228, 229
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E-coating 52 Elasticity 150 Elastomers 198 Electric charges 77 Electrical cost 259 Electrophoretic painting 52 Electrostatic interactions 103 Elongation 150, 151 Embrittlement 125 End housings 199, 217 cleaning 215, 216 Energy consumption 259 Enhancement factor 11 Enthalpy for melting 148 Entrainers 89, 108, 116 Environmental treatments 265 Epoxies 169, 208, 209 Epoxy 215, 216 Epoxy board 170, 171, 172 Equilibrium concentrations 30 Equipment 218, 263 costs 265
specifications and design 201 Escaping tendency 269 Esters 170, 172 Ethane 16, 113 Ethane/AOT 102 Ethylene 16 Evaporation rate 197 Exchange kinetics 115 Extractions 109, 165 efficiency 28 plants 112 processes 205 profiles 32
F
Fabric 167, 168 Fanning factor 80 Fanning’s friction factor 75 Fasteners 52 Feed rate 234 Feedback loop 54 Filtration 257 Fingerprints 166 Flow factors 236 Flow rate 258
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