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Supercritical fluid cleaning - McHardy J.

McHardy J., Sawan P.S. Supercritical fluid cleaning - Noyes publications, 1998. - 304 p.
Download (direct link): spercrificalfluidcleaning1998.pdf
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groups 140 solutes 98 solvent 93, 171, 272 species 88, 89, 92 substance 23 Polarity of the microemulsion 93 Poly(dimethyl)siloxane 233 Polybutene 233 Polychlorofluoroethylene 197 Polyethylene glycol 170 Polyethylene glycol dodecyl ethers 98 Polymer foams 141 Polymer materials 121 Polymeric materials 123 Polymers 16, 149, 198, 208, 218, 272 decomposition 144 Polypropylene 130 POM 151, 152, 156 Pores 199 Potting materials 209
PP 130, 155
Precision cleaning 163, 195, 196, 202, 218, 253, 259 Pressure 100, 111, 253 autoclave 234 threshold 26 Pressure change 208 effect 136 Principle of similarity 227, 243 Process parameters 205, 246 Propane 97
Propane microemulsion 98 Protective coatings 170, 198 Prototype vessel 228 Pumping method 215 Pumping process 208 Pumps 255 PVC 130, 156 PVDF 139 Pyrene 171 Pyridine 171
Q
Quick-dip-rinse 44 R
Rate equation 222 Rate-limiting step 31 Rayleigh/Mie 130 Reaction rate 222 Reactive monomers 16 Reactors 275 Recontamination 257 Recovery 109 Recycle 259 Recycling 258 Refrigerated water 258 Removal agent 80 Removal efficiency 28, 36 Removal rate rapid 32 Residence times 275 Residue 197
Reverse micelle 91, 92, 94 Reynolds 239
Reynolds number 73, 80, 224, 225, 227, 235, 239, 241, 273
Rinse-water 44 Riveting 52 Rolling particles 73 Rough surface 35 Roughness 77 Rubber 167, 168 Rubbery state 142 Ruthenium tris(bipyridyl) dichloride 115
S
Salinity 101 Salts 166 SANS 103
Saturation vapor pressure 269 SAXS 103 Scaleup 220, 236 PNL 237 Scaleup experiments 231 Scattering domains 130 SCF. See Supercritical fluid SCF carbon dioxide 155 SCF equipment cost 246 Schmidt number 239, 273 Screws 52 Sea urchin effect 106 Sealants 169 Sealing adhesives 209 Secondary solvent 27 SEM 207
SEMATECH 246, 263
Semi-aqueous cleaning systems 163
Semiconductor wafers 70
Semicrystalline materials 149
Separation process 36
Separator tanks 109
Separator vessel 126
Series/parallel combination 257
SFPC 220
Shape factors 242
Shear 71, 78
Shear stress 75
Shipping container 45
Significant New Alternatives Policy 196
Silicone oil 168
Silicones 270
Similarity 242, 243
Similitude 221
Single-cycle system 248 Size
of system 251 Skin 166
Small angle neutron 103 Small angle x-ray scattering 103 Smooth surface 34 SNAP 196 Soak time 214 Sodium bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate 94 Sodium dodecyl sulfate 101 Soil 107 type 23 Solubility 23, 24, 125, 231, 235 enhancers 27 tuning 10 Solubility parameters 12, 270 Solubilization 139 Solute concentration 26 Solvating power 25 Solvatochromic changes 102 Sol vatochromic shifts 10 Solvent-free cleaning 39 Solvent/contaminant interaction 222 Solvents 9, 19, 88, 269 cleaning 22, 163 entrainers 116 power 11, 88, 93 Sorption 35
of carbon dioxide 137 Sorption of polymers 126 Sorption phenomena 33 Spectroscopy 102, 103 Spherical particles 71 Spray-rinse 44 Springs 52 Squalene 166 Stahl, Egon 11
Stainless steel 167, 170, 171, 172, 197, 253, 254 States of matter 5 Steel
alloy 254 Stirring 274 Stirring propeller 212 Stake’s drag 78 Storage 45
Stream velocity 74, 82
Stress-strain 150 Strong plastic 151 Subcritical cleaning systems 254 Sublimation vapor pressure 4 Substrate surface 34 Supercritical
carbon dioxide 2, 22, 25, 71, 80, 84, 88, 104 region 6 state 1 Supercritical fluid 1, 6, 267 chromatography 2 extractor 165 microemulsion 89 parts cleaning 220 SuperScrub™ 28 Support personnel 263 Surface 34 Surface adhesion 50 Surface interactions 33, 172 Surface roughness 77 Surface tension 34, 122, 198, 277 Surface-active agent 92 Surfactant 87, 89, 91, 92, 93, 109 Surfactant systems 94, 98 Sweeping motion 84 Swelling 141, 143 polymer 125, 126 System dynamics 231 System size 251
T
TCA 41
Teflon™ 130, 157, 210 Temperature 253 Temperature change effect 136 Temperature-pressure chart 4 Tensile strength 150 Terpenes 163 Test cube 207 Test stand 231 Tetracontane 169 Textiles 108 TGA 143
Thermal similarity 229 Thermoplastics 198, 208, 210 Thermoset polymers 198
Threaded fasteners 52 Three-body interactions 269 Threshold pressure 26 Through-holes 52 Time factors 223 Tough plastic 151 Toughness 150 Toxic substances 107 Toxicity 196 Transport properties 272 Transport rates 112 Trapped contaminants 35 Trichloroethane 41, 195 Trichlorotrifluoroethane 23 Triglycerol 166 TRIM® SOL 28 Trimethylphosphate 172 Triolein 166 Triple point 4 Tunability 268, 272 Turbulence 35, 235 Turbulent boundary layer 73 Turbulent core 73 Turbulent flow 71 laws 74 Turbulent kinetic energy 75
U
Ultrasonic cleaning 53 Uniaxis assembly 48 Uniformity of cleaning 275 Unimers 94 Utility costs 251
V
Vacuum pressure cleaning 215
Van der Waal’s force 72
Van der Waal’s interaction 77
Vapor pressure 5, 7, 256
Vaporization 7, 278
Variable pressure process 208
Velocity profile 71, 75
Vessel design 221
Vessel open volume exchange 256
Vessel sizes 251
Viscosity 9, 19, 80, 122, 231, 273 Viscous sublayer 73, 75 Volatile contaminants 36
Volatility 26 Volume turnover 235 VPC 215
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