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The technology of glass and ceramics - Hlavac J.

Hlavac J. The technology of glass and ceramics - Oxford, 1983. - 429 p.
Download (direct link): tehnologyofglass1983.djvu
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346- 349 of molten glasses, 63 - 93 of non-oxidic compounds, 346 of
oxides, 333
of refractories, 353, 355 - 370 of technical ceramics, 309 Protective
colloid, 257 Protoenstatite, 46-48, 316-317 Pug extruder, 260, 301
Pseudomorphism of A1203, 26 Pseudoplastic liquid, 251 Pyrex, 60, 67, 176,
178, 184, 204, 206 Pyroceram, 230, 235 Pyrolytic graphite, 349 Pyrometric
cone equivalent, 351 Pyrometric cones, 350-351 Pyroxene, 238, 240 PZT
ceramics, 328
Quartz, 12-20, 190 in porcelain, 305-306 kinetics of transformaticn, 18-
20 non-equilibrium fusion, 20 properties of, 232 solid solutions, 234
stuffed, 234 Quartzite, 374-375 Quartz glass, 18,62-63,189- 19]
electrical properties of, 183, 184 non-stoichiometry, 17 physical
properties of, 176, 178 specific heat of, 84-85 viscosity of, 18-19,67
Radiation conductivity, 87-91 Raleigh number, 121 Ramming, 266
Rankinite, 240 Rayon, 162 Raw glaze, 308, 409 Raw materials, ceramic,
245-246 for enamels, 400 for glass melting, 141 - 142 Reaction sintering,
297, 343, 344-345 Reaumur porcelain, 229 Reboil, i\9 Recuperator, 144,
147
Refining agents, 113, 202 Refining of glass, 94, 111 - 116 Reflection of
light, 182 Refractive index, of glasses, 171, 178-180, 193, 200,213 of
porcelain phases, 308 Refractories, 349-394 acid and basic, 354-355
basic, 378-386 carbon based, 390 chemical composition of, 352 chemically
bonded, 382, 384-385 chrome-magnesite, 383- 385 chromite, 385 corundum,
373, 388 corundum-baddeleyite, 153, 388- 389 dolomite, 385-386 fireclay,
370-373 forsterite, 387
fusion-cast, 153, 154, 388-389 granular, 390-392 high-alumina, 373
magnesia-chrome ore, 383 - 385 magnesite, 378-383 magnesite-chrome, 384
mullite, 373 pilch-bearing, 386 properties of, 353, 355 - 370 ruby-
spinel, 389 SiC-based, 389-390 silica, 374-378 sillimanite, 373 types of,
352 unfired, 382, 384-386 zircon, 387
zirconia-containing, 374, 387-389 Refractoriness, 350-354 underload,
359-361 Refractory concrete, 392 Refractory fibres, 216 Regenerator, 144,
154 Residence time, 124, 134 Response curve, 123-127, 135 Reversal, 144
Reynolds number, 121 Ribbon machine, 158 Rock crystal, 190, 197 Rock
quartz, 12 Roller-hearth kiln, 299 Ruby, 389 Ruby glass, 209
429
Rutile, 21, 232, 319, 407 Rutile ceramics, 309, 319-321
Sagger, 300 Salt glaze, 312, 414 Sealing glasses, 60, 184,218 Seger's
formula, 405, 409 Selenium ruby, 61, 209 Semiconducting ceramics, 328
Semiconducting glasses, 185- 186, 219 Semiconducting glazes, 414 Semi-
silica, 371 Sensitivity to drying, 271 Serpentine, 48, 382" 387 Setters,
300 Sevres porcelain, 303 Sheet glass, 60, 176, 178, 194-197 Shrinkage,
and sintering, 281, 289 drying, 267-271 firing, 248, 263 Sialon, 345
Silica, see also silicon dioxide
glass, 189-191, see also quartz glass refractories, 374- 378 Siliceous
refractories, 371 Silicides, 345-346
Silicon carbide, 297, 342-343, 346, 389 Silicon dioxide, 12-20 phase
diagram of, 15 polymorphic forms of, 12-13, 17 vitreous, 18 vaporization
of, 18 Silicon monoxide, 17-18 Silicon nitride, 297, 343, 344-346, 416
Sillimanite, 41 refractories, 373 Simax, 60, 92, 184, 204 Similarity
criteria, 121 Sink point, 65
Sintered alumina, 309, 335-339 Sintered carbides, nitrides etc,, 343 -
347 Sintered glass, 217 Sintered oxides, 333 - 341 Sintering, 273 - 290
activity, 338
and grain growth, 277, 285, 286-288 and shrinkage, 281, 289
evaporation-condensation mechanism, 276 Frenkel model, 278 - 279, 282
initial stage of, 278 - 282
in real systems, 289-290 interval, 292-293,303,316 Kingery-Berg model,
280-281 later stages of, 282-285 liquid phase, 277-278, 288- 289
Mackenzie-Shuttleworth model, 282-284, 286
of alumina, 27.1 - 275 of BaTiOj, 325,326 reaction, 297, 343,344-345
underpressure, 285-286,296-297 Sitall, 235
Slag, for glass melting, J42 Slagsital, 237,241-242 Slip casting, 258 -
260 Soda ash, 50, 141 Softening point, 65 Solarization, 104 Solder glass,
236 Sol-gel method, 55, 297 Solid electrolyte, 339, 340, 341 Solubility,
of gases in glass, 117-119 of Na2S04 in glass, 99-100 Specific heat of
glass, 84 - 86, 178 Spectrofloat, 161 Spinel, 232, 384, 389 structure,
329 Spinodal decomposition, 205 Spodumene, 17, 232, 234 Sphen, 232 Spray
dryer, 249 Stabilization annealing, 170-171 Stabilization of glass, 57-
58, 69, 171 Stabilized zirconia, 23, 339-340 Staining, 202 Staple, 162
Steatite, 45 ceramics, 309, 314-318 Stishovite, 17 Stokes equation, 115
Stoneware, 312 - 313 Strain point, 65, 163 Strength, and grain size, 339
dry, 37,271 - 272,294 of brickware, 313 - 314 of glass-ceramics, 233 of
glass, 173-176 of glass fibres, 174 of graphite, 348
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