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Polymer Chemistry. The Basic Concepts - Himenz P.C.

Polymer Chemistry. The Basic Concepts

Author: Himenz P.C.
Publishers: Copyright
Year of publication: 1984
Number of pages: 736
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Download: polymerchemistry1984.djvu

POLYMER CHEMISTRY
The Basic Concepts
PflGLC.HIEMENZ
Page i
Polymer Chemistry
The Basic Concepts
Paul C. Hiemenz
California State Polytechnic University Pomona,
California
Page ii
"The Dance Of The Solids" by John Updike Copyright (c) 1968 by John Updike
Reprinted from Midpoint and Other Poems by John Updike, by permission of
Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York
"When The Nylons Bloom Again" by George Marion, Jr. and Fats Waller
Copyright (c) 1943 by Joy Music, Inc.
Copyright renewed. Controlledin the U.S.A. by Chappell & Co., Inc. and
Advanced Music Corp. (Intersong Music & Warner Bros. Music,
Publishers.)
International copyright secured
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED Used by permission
"I Remember" by Stephen Sondheim Copyright (c) 1966 by Burthen Music Co.,
Inc.
All rights administered by Chappell & Co., Inc.
International copyright secured
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED Used by permission
"Come Back To Me" by Alan Jay Lemer and Burton Lane
Copyright (c) 1965 by Alan Jay Lemer and Burton Lane
Chappel & Co., Inc., owner of publication and allied rights throughout
the
world
International copyright secured
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED Used by permission
Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data
Hiemenz, Paul C., [dste]
Polymer chemistry.
Includes index.
1. Polymers and polymerization. I. Title.
QD381.H52 1984 547.7 83-25207
ISBN 0-8247-7082-X
COPYRIGHT (c) 1984 by MARCEL DEKKER, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
Neither this book nor any part may be reproduced or transmitted in any
form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying,
microfilming, and recording, or by any information storage and retrieval
system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
MARCEL DEKKER, INC.
270 Madison Avenue, New York, New York 10016
Current printing (last digit):
10 98 7
PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Page iii
PREFACE
physical chemistry has been defined as that branch of science that is
fundamental, molecular, and interesting. I have tried to write a polymer
textbook that could be described this way also. To the extent that one
subscribes to the former definition and that I have succeeded in the
latter objective, then the approach of this book is physical chemical. As
a textbook, it is intended for students who have completed courses in
physical and organic chemistry. These are the prerequisites which define
the level of the book; no special background in physics or mathematics
beyond what is required for physical chemistry is assumed. Since
chemistry majors generally study physical chemistry in the third year of
the undergraduate curriculum, this book can serve as the text for a
senior-level undergraduate or a beginning graduate-level course. Although
I use chemistry courses and chemistry curricula to describe the level of
this book, students majoring in engineering, materials science, physics,
and various specialties in the biological sciences will also find
numerous topics of interest contained herein.
Terms like "fundamental," "molecular," and "interesting" have different
meanings for different people. Let me explain how they apply to the
presentation of polymer chemistry in this text.
The words "basic concepts" in the title define what I mean by
"fundamental." This is the primary emphasis in this presentation.
Practical applications of polymers are cited frequently-after all, it is
these applications that make polymers such an important class of
chemicals-but in overall content, the stress is on fundamental
principles. "Foundational" might be another way to describe this. I have
not attempted to cover all aspects of polymer science, but the topics
that have been discussed lay the foundstion-built on the bedrock of
organic and physical chemistry-from which virtually all aspects of the
subject are developed. There is an enormous literature in polymer
science; this book is intended to bridge the gap between the typical
undergraduate background in polymers-which frequently amounts to little
more than occasional "relevant" examples in other courses-and the
professional literature on the subject.
Page iv
Accordingly, the book assumes essentially no prior knowledge of polymers,
and extends far enough to provide a usable level of understanding.
"Molecular" describes the perspective of the chemist, and it is this
aspect of polymeric materials that I try to keep in view throughout the
book. An engineering text might emphasize processing behavior; a physics
text, continuum mechanics; a biochemistry text, physiological function.
All of these are perfectly valid points of view, but they are not the
approach of this book. It is polymer molecules-their structure,
energetics, dynamics, and reactions-that are the primary emphasis
throughout most of the book. Statistics is the type of mathematics that
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