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Inorganic Syntheses. Volume 33 - Coucouvanis D.

Coucouvanis D. Inorganic Syntheses. Volume 33 - University of Michigan, 2002. - 299 p.
Download (direct link): inorganiksintesis2002.djvu
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transferred in one-necked, round-bottomed flask and the solvent
evaporated to dryness on a rotary
14 Syntheses of Selected Supramolecules
To nitrogen line
\ To reversed-flow bubbler
^------- Nitrogen bubbling flow
Ru complex suspension
2,3-dpp solution Magnetic stirring bar
Stirrer/hot plate
Figure 1. Apparatus for the preparation of [Ru(bpy)2(2,3-dpp)]
2 +
evaporator. The crude product so obtained is purified as follows. It is
dissolved in the minimum quantity of a mixture H20/acetone 5 : 3 (v/v)
0.05 M in NaCl and chromatographed on a Sephadex-CM C-25 (Aldrich Catalog
27 24-1. Column dimensions: 2.5 x 20 cm) using the same solvent mixture
as eluant. The product is contained in the dark orange band. The eluate
is rotary-evaporated to remove acetone, then the product is precipitated
from the aqueous solution by adding an excess of solid NH4PF6. The dark-
orange solid so obtained is collected on a sin-tered-glass filter by
suction and dried overnight under vacuum in a desiccator.
If a spectrofluorimeter is available, it is possible to check the
purity of the sample and the effectiveness of the purification by
comparing the emission spectra of the crude product to that of the
purified product. In the spectrum of the former, the band of the product
[Amax =670 nm, in acetonitrile at room temperature (RT)] and the band of
the binuclear sideproduct (Amax = 756 nm, in acetonitrile at RT) can be
observed; after purification, the emission band of the sideproduct is
no longer present (excitation wavelength, 450 nm).
2. A Luminescent Decanuclear Ruthenium(II) Polypyridine Complex
In order to remove possible traces of inorganic salts, the product is
dissolved in the minimum quantity of acetonitrile and chromatographed on
Sephadex G-10 (Aldrich Catalog 27,103-9. Column dimensions: 2.5x5 cm) by
using the same solvent. The eluate is rotary-evaporated to the small
volume and then Et20 is added to induce the precipitation of the product
that is collected on a sintered-glass filter by suction, washed three
times with Et20 and dried under vacuum. Yield: 140 mg (78%).
(Note: It is necessary to swell the Sephadex-CM C-25 resin in excess
eluant mixture, at room temperature without stirring, for about 24 h
before use. Attention must be paid to the quantity of Sephadex-CM C-25
resin used, since its volume increases about twice on swelling. It is
recommended that the Sephadex G-10 resin be allowed to swell in excess
acetonitrile for at least 3 h prior to use.)
Anal Calcd. for C34H26N8F12P2Ru-H20: C, 42.73; H, 2.95; N, 11.73. Found:
C, 42.80; H, 2.75; N, 11.28.
2[Ru(bpy)2(2,3-dpp)](PF6)2 +RuCl3 ^ {Cl2Ru[(^-2,3-dpp)Ru(bpy)2]2}(PF6)4
This synthesis must be repeated twice in order to get the amount of
product necessary for the subsequent synthesis of (Ru{(^-2,3-dpp)Ru[(^-
2,3-dpp)Ru (bpy)2]2b)(PF6)2o.
A nitrogen flushed 50-mL, two-necked, round-bottomed flask fitted with
a condenser is charged with 11.5 mg (0.04 mmol) of RuCl3 ;20, 80 mg
(0.08 mmol) of [Ru(bpy)2(2,3-dpp)](PF6)2, 11.9 mg (0.28 mmol) of LiCl, 15
mL of 95% ethanol, and a stirring bar. The flask is placed in an oil bath
on a stirrer/hotplate, and the stirred reaction mixture is heated to
reflux. After 7 h the reaction mixture is cooled to room temperature. The
reaction can be followed by TLC: neutral alumina, CH2Cl2/MeOH 9 : 1
(v/v); in these conditions the Rf values decrease in the following order:
(1) mononuclear precursor (orange spot), (2) trinuclear product (green
From now on, the reaction mixture can be handled under air. An excess
of solid NH4PF,3 is added causing the formation of a dark green solid
that is collected on a sintered-glass filter by suction, washed with
Et20. The crude product is dissolved in the minimum quantity of a 1 : 1
(v/v) CH3CN/toluene mixture and purified by column chromatography on
neutral aluminum oxide (diameter 2.5 cm, length 20 cm; aluminum oxide
activity: 1) by using the same solvent mixture [1:1 (v/v) CH3CN/toluene]
as eluant. The elution of the column is performed slowly. In these
experimental conditions, the first band eluted (orange) contains the
unreacted mononuclear [Ru(bpy b(2,3-dpp)](PF6)2 complex. After the
16 Syntheses of Selected Supramolecules
collection of this first band, the quantity of CH3CN in the eluition
mixture is increased progressively [up to 3 : 1 (v/v) CH3CN/toluene] in
order to obtain the green-blue band that contains the trinuclear product.
At times, after the elution of the trinuclear complex, a dark byproduct
(maybe a tetranuclear complex) stays on the top of the column. The green-
blue band is eluted and the solution containing the desired product is
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