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Chromatografy Methods for Environmental - Ando D.J.

Ando D.J. Chromatografy Methods for Environmental - Wiley publishing , 2003. - 265 p.
Download (direct link): chromatography2003.pdf
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detectors, 190 gradient, 191 isocratic, 190 mobile phase, 189 normal-phase, 189 reversed-phase, 189 stationary phase, 189 Hollow-cathode lamp, 193
Hydride generation, 198 Hydrofluoric acid (HF), 51
ICP, 199 ICP-MS, 201
Inductively coupled plasma, 199 Infrared (IR) spectroscopy, 191 Interferences
in ICP-AES, 201 Ion chromatography, 204 Ion-exchange, 103 Infrared spectra, 191
Kuderna-Danish evaporative concentration, 175
Linear dynamic range, 24 Linear working range, 24 Liquid-liquid extraction, 100, 141 continuous extraction, 142 discontinuous extraction, 142 distribution coefficient, 100 distribution ratio, 100 salting out, 142 separating funnel, 143 theory, 100 Liquid-solid extraction, 147 shake flask, 114 solid-phase extraction, 147 sonication, 116 Soxhlet extraction, 110 Soxtec extraction, 113 Load coil, 199
Magnetron, 66 Mass concentration, 6 Mass spectrometer, 201 Mass-to-charge ratio, 202 Matrix solid-phase dispersion, 134 Mercury, 66
Methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK), 54, 101
Methylmercury, 66 4-Methylpentan-2-one (MIBK), 54 Microwave-assisted extraction, 124 instrumentation, 124 Microwave digestion, 55
Index
259
Microwave heating, 56 history, 56
interaction with matter, 56 solvent effects, 58 Microwave oven, 56 Molar concentration, 6 Munsell Book of Colour, 3
Nebulizer, 195, 200
Ordinate axis, 7 Organochlorine pesticides, 122
Phenols, 115, 157 Photomultiplier tube, 201 Physiologically based extraction test (PBET), 89 Plasma torch, 199
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, 113, 126, 128, 145 Precision, 14 Pre-concentration, 173 Pressurized fluid extraction, 129 instrumentation, 130 theory, 129 Purge-and-trap, 168
Quality assurance, 14
Reagent blank, 23 Rotary evaporation, 174
Sample preservation, 40 Sample storage, 39 Sampling, 27 coning and quartering, 33 purposeful, 27 random, 27, 29 stratified, 28, 29 systematic, 29 Selective extraction, 76 Separating funnel, 143 Sequential extraction, 83, 94 Snyder column, 175 Soil, 32 Soil profile, 33
Solid-phase extraction, 147 cartridge, 147, 149 disc, 149 end-capped, 148 factors affecting, 155 ion-exchange, 148 media, 148 normal-phase, 148 operation, 152 reversed-phase, 148 solvent strength, 154 Solid-phase microextraction, 158 direct, 162 headspace, 162 theory, 158 Solvent evaporation, 173
automated evaporative concentration system (EVACS), 176 gas ‘blow-down’, 177 Kuderna-Danish, 175 rotary evaporation, 174 Solvent extraction, 142 liquid-liquid, 100, 141 Soxhlet, 110 Soxtec, 113 Soxhlet extraction, 110 Speciation, 65 Spray chamber, 201 Standard additions, 8 Supercritical fluid extraction, 118 critical pressure, 119 critical temperature, 119 history, 118 instrumentation, 120 phase diagram, 119
Tin, 69
Thermal desorption, 165 Tributyltin, 69 Triphenyltin, 69 Transport efficiency, 200
Ultrasonic extraction, 116
Venturi effect, 195
X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, 93, 203
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