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Chromatografy Methods for Environmental - Ando D.J.

Ando D.J. Chromatografy Methods for Environmental - Wiley publishing , 2003. - 265 p.
Download (direct link): chromatography2003.pdf
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10-9 nano n
10-12 pico p
10-15 femto f
10-18 atto a
10-21 zepto z
Derived SI units with special names and symbols
Physical quantity SI unit Name Symbol Expression in terms of base or derived SI units
frequency hertz Hz 1 Hz = 1 s-1
force newton N 1 N = 1 kg ms-2
pressure; stress pascal Pa 1 Pa = 1 Nm-2
energy; work; quantity joule J 1 J = 1 Nm
of heat
power watt W 1 W = 1 Js-1
electric charge; quantity coulomb C 1C = 1 As
of electricity
electric potential; volt V 1V = 1 JC-1
potential
difference; electromotive
force; tension
electric capacitance farad F 1 F = 1 CV-1
electric resistance ohm 1 ^ = 1 VA-1
electric conductance siemens S 1 S = 1 ^-1
magnetic flux; flux of weber Wb 1 Wb = 1 Vs
magnetic induction
magnetic flux density; tesla T 1 T = 1 Wbm-2
magnetic induction henry H 1 H = 1 Wb A-1
inductance
Celsius temperature degree Celsius ?C 1°C = 1 K
luminous flux lumen lm 1 lm = 1 cdsr
SI Units and Physical Constants
Derived SI units with special names and symbols (continued)
253
Physical quantity SI unit Expression in terms of
Name Symbol base or derived SI units
illuminance lux lx 1 lx = 1 lmm-2
activity (of a becquerel Bq 1Bq = 1 s-1
radionuclide)
absorbed dose; specific gray Gy 1 Gy = 1 Jkg-1
energy
dose equivalent sievert Sv 1 Sv = 1 Jkg-1
plane angle radian rad 1&
solid angle steradian sr 1&
arad and sr may be included or omitted in expressions for the derived units.
Physical Constants
Recommended values of selected physical constants'2
Constant Symbol Value
acceleration of free fall gn 9.80665 ms-2b
(acceleration due to gravity)
atomic mass constant (unified mu 1.6605402(10) x 10-27 kg
atomic mass unit)
Avogadro constant L,Na 6.0221367(36) x 1023 mol-1
Boltzmann constant kB 1.380658(12) x 10-23 JK-1
electron specific charge -e/me -1.758 819 x 1011 Ckg-1
(charge-to-mass ratio)
electron charge (elementary e 1.602177 33(49) x 10-19 C
charge)
Faraday constant F 9.648 530 9(29) x 104 Cmol-1
ice-point temperature T 1 ice 273.15 Kb
molar gas constant R 8.314510(70) JK-1 mol-1
molar volume of ideal gas (at Vm 22.41410(19) x 10-3 m3 mol-1
273.15 K and 101 325 Pa)
Planck constant h 6.6260755(40) x 10-34 Js
standard atmosphere atm 101325 Pab
speed of light in vacuum c 2.997 924 58 x 108 ms-1 b
aData are presented in their full precision, although often no more than the first four or five significant digits are used; figures in parentheses represent the standard deviation uncertainty in the least significant digits. bExactly defined values.
The Periodic Table
Methods for Environmental Trace Analysis. John R. Dean
Copyright © 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
ISBNs: 0-470-84421-3 (HB); 0-470-84422-1 (PB)
90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103
Th Pa U Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md No Lw
232.04 (231) 238.03 (237) (242) (243) (247) (247) (249) (254) (253) (253) (256) (260)
Methods for Environmental Trace Analysis. John R. Dean
Copyright © 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
ISBNs: 0-470-84421-3 (HB); 0-470-84422-1 (PB)
Index
Abscissa axis, 7
Accelerated solvent extraction, 130 Accuracy, 14 Acid digestion, 51 Alcohol ethoxylate, 135 Ammonium pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (APDC), 54, 101 Anodic stripping voltammetry (ASV), 203 Arsenic, 70
Atomic absorption spectroscopy, 92, 93, 94, 192
background correction, 198 Atomic emission spectroscopy, 198 Atomic spectroscopy, 192 Atomization cell, 193 cold vapour, 198 flame, 194
graphite furnace, 196 hydride, 198 Auger, 31, 32
Automated evaporative concentration system, 176
Background correction, 198 continuum, 198 Smith-Hieftje, 198 Zeeman, 198 Bis(tributyltin) oxide, 70 BTEX, 162, 165, 169
Calibration, 24 direct, 8
standard additions, 8 Calibration curve, 7 Calibration standards, 24 Celite, 122
Certified reference material, 16 Chromatography, 185 gas, 185
high performance liquid, 189 ion, 204 Chromic acid wash, 41 Chromium, 65, 75 Cold on-column injector, 187 Cold vapour generation, 198 Colour
Munsell Book of, 3 Concentration mass, 6 molar, 6 Contamination, 5, 13 Control chart, 24 Co-precipitation, 104 Correlation coefficient, 7 COSHH, 2, 207
Data sheets, 209-218 DDT, 133 Decomposition, 50 Dielectric constant, 59
258
Methods for Environmental Trace Analysis
Diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA), 81 Digestion, 50 acid, 51
decomposition, 50 dissolution, 50 microwave, 55, 61 Dilution factor, 9 Distribution coefficient, 100 Distribution ratio, 100 Dry ashing, 50
EDTA, 65
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and USEPA, 53, 92, 192 Enzymolysis, 88 Erlenmeyer flask, 175 Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, 65 Expansion chamber, 195 Extraction efficiency, 112
Flame
atomic absorption spectroscopy, 192 photometry, 198 Fourier transform, 191 FTIR, 191 Fusion, 64
Gas ‘blow-down’, 177 Gas chromatography, 185 capillary column, 186 detectors, 189 on-column injector, 187 split/splitless injector, 187 Graphite furnace atomizer, 196
Health and Safety, 1 Heating, 57
High performance liquid chromatography, 189
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