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Chromatografy Methods for Environmental - Ando D.J.

Ando D.J. Chromatografy Methods for Environmental - Wiley publishing , 2003. - 265 p.
Download (direct link): chromatography2003.pdf
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210
Methods for Environmental Trace Analysis
Data Sheet B: Sample Preparation for Inorganic Analysis
• Sample weight(s)
(record to four decimal places)
Sample 1.....................g Sample 2........................g
• Acid digestion
Vessel used....................................................................
Hot-plate or other (specify) ..................................................
Temperature controlled or not (specify) .......................................
Type of acid used..............................................................
Volume of acid used..........................................................ml
Any other details..............................................................
• Other method of sample decomposition, e.g. fusion or dry ashing (specify)
• Sample derivatization
Specify..........................................................................
Reagent concentration...................................................moll-1
Reagent volume used............................................................ml
Heat required (specify)..........................................................
• Sample dilution
Specify the dilution factor involved, with appropriate units
• Addition of an internal standard
Specify............................................................................
Added before digestion yes/no
Added after digestion yes/no
• Sample and reagent blanks
Specify............................................................................
• Recovery
Specify..........................................................................
Added before digestion yes/no
Added after digestion yes/no
Recording of Information and Selected Resources
211
Data Sheet C: Sample Preparation for Organic Analysis
• Sample weight(s)
(record to four decimal places)
Sample 1......................g Sample 2.........................g
• Soxhlet extraction method
Drying agent added and weight (specify) ..........................................
Type of solvent(s) used ..........................................................
Volume of solvent(s) used ......................................................ml
Any other details ................................................................
• Other method of sample extraction, e.g. SFE, ASE (PFE) or MAE, plus operating conditions (specify)
• Sample clean-up yes/no
Specify...........................................................................
• Pre-concentration of the sample yes/no
Method of solvent reduction......................................................
Final volume of extract..........................................................
• Sample derivatization
Specify..........................................................................
Reagent concentration....................................................moll-1
Reagent volume used............................................................ml
Heat required (specify)..........................................................
• Sample dilution
Specify the dilution factor involved, with appropriate units
• Addition of an internal standard
Specify............................................................................
Added before extraction yes/no
Added after extraction yes/no
• Sample and reagent blanks
Specify............................................................................
• Recovery
Specify...........................................................................
Added before extraction yes/no
Added after extraction yes/no
212
Methods for Environmental Trace Analysis
Data Sheet D: Analytical Techniques for Inorganic Analysis
Method
ICP-AES yes/no
ICP-MS yes/no
FAAS yes/no
GFAAS yes/no
Flame photometry yes/no
XRF yes/no
Other (specify)
Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
• ICP characteristics
Manufacturer
Frequency Hz
Power kW
Observation height mm above load coil
• Argon gas flow rates
Outer gas flow rate 1 min“1
Intermediate gas flow rate lmin“1
Injector gas flow rate lrnin"1
• Sample introduction method
Nebulizer/spray chamber (specify)

• Spectrometer
Simultaneous or sequential
Element(s) and wavelength(s)
• Quantitation
Peak height yes/no
Peak area yes/no
Method used manual/electronic
Internal standard
External standard
Calibration method direct/standard additions
Number of calibration standards
Linear range of calibration
Recording of Information and Selected Resources
213
Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry
• ICP characteristics
Manufacturer
Frequency
Hz
kW
Power
• Argon gas flow rates
Outer gas flow rate
Injector gas flow rate
Intermediate gas flow rate
l min-1 l min-1 l min-1
• Sample introduction method
Nebulizer/spray chamber (specify)
• Mass spectrometer
Element(s) and mass/charge ratio(s)
Scanning or peak hopping mode • Quantitation
Peak height yes/no
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