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The business of wimax - Pareek D.

Pareek D. The business of wimax - Wiley publishing , 2006. - 330 p.
ISBN-10 0-470-02691
Download (direct link): thebusinessof2006.pdf
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One of the promises of WiMAX is that it could offer the solution to what is sometimes called the ‘last-mile’ problem, referring to the expense and time of connecting individual homes and offices to trunk lines for communications. WiMAX promises a wireless access range of up to 31 miles, compared with 300 feet for Wi-Fi and 30 feet for Bluetooth.
To appreciate what WiMAX brings to the table we need to understand what additional features it provides over existing technologies. Existing broadband wireless access technologies that are closest to WiMAX with respect to service features are Wi-Fi and third-generation mobile. Let us first examine these three closely.
Wi-Fi has become one of the most popular forms of wireless local area networking, thanks to its open standard, high speed and ability to handle network interference. However, the popularity of Wi-Fi has exposed its primary limitation - range. The wireless technology can only serve signals in a ‘hotspot’ with a typical reach of about 1000 feet (300 m) outside or 328 feet (100 m) indoors, due to interference.
WiMAX is similar to the wireless standard known as Wi-Fi, but on a much larger scale and at faster speeds. A nomadic version would keep WiMAX-enabled devices connected over large areas, much like today’s cell phones.
While Wi-Fi typically provides local network access for around a few hundred feet with speeds of up to 54 Mbps, a single WiMAX antenna is expected to have a range of up to 40 miles with speeds of 70 Mbps or
more. As such, WiMAX can bring the underlying Internet connection needed to service local Wi-Fi networks.
‘Wi-Fi does not provide ubiquitous broadband while WiMAX does’.
3G Cellular is long-range, mobile, reliable, plug-n-play, secure and private, with manageable data rates, but data applications are too expensive - as much as 10 times the cost of using similar wireline services.
Also, the biggest problem with 3G Cellular is the usage cost, which is due to factors like totally revamping the infrastructure and high licence fees.
‘3G will not be affordable while WiMAX will be’ (Figure 1.15). Why WiMAX?
WiMAX can satisfy a variety of access needs. Potential applications include extending broadband capabilities to bring them closer to subscribers, filling gaps in cable, DSL and T1 services, Wi-Fi and cellular backhaul, providing last-100 m access from fibre to the curb and giving service providers another cost-effective option for supporting broadband services (Figure 1.16).
As WiMAX can support very high bandwidth solutions where large spectrum deployments (i.e. >10 MHz) are desired, it can leverage existing infrastructure, keeping costs down while delivering the bandwidth needed to support a full range of high-value, multimedia services. Further, WiMAX can help service providers meet many of the challenges they face due to increasing customer demands without discarding their existing infrastructure investments because it has the ability to seamlessly interoperate across various network types.
WiMAX can provide wide area coverage and quality of service capabilities for applications ranging from real-time delay-sensitive voice-over-IP (VoIP) to real-time streaming video and non-real-time downloads, ensuring that subscribers obtain the performance they expect for all types of communications.
WiMAX, which is an IP-based wireless broadband technology, can be integrated into both wide-area third-generation (3G) mobile and wireless and wireline networks, allowing it to become part of a seamless anytime, anywhere broadband access solution.
Ultimately, WiMAX is intended to serve as the next step in the evolution of 3G mobile phones, via a potential combination of
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